Trends in organic fertilizer production

Reducing and reusing is really possible with organic gardening. But organic fertilizer plays an important role. Because the fruits, vegetables and gardens are harvested from the soil. You need to maintain soil nutrients for your fruits and vegetables and crops.

Compost Made from Organic Waste
Compost Made from Organic Waste

Time to use organic fertilizer

Most garden soils contain the most basic necessities. But it may not be enough. More is needed to fully develop.

When nutrition is needed for crop growth
Brass, potatoes and some other plants are more demanding – compost or dry manure is essential – poultry manure particles and buttons continuous planting season

Organic fertilizers are very useful because supplements see particles of poultry manure again
Lawns, shrubs, hedges, trees… Garden compost and manure is still a great supplier – find more lawn and shrub fertilizer here.

When growing on thin fertile soil

Work in manure – continue to use organic fertilizer to make compost of better quality, and plant cloves and beans as green fertilizer digs. Check out the organic base fertilizer and decarbonized rock dust link here.
Some products cannot use organic fertilizer. You must consider the following:

Where does organic fertilizer come from? For example, are algae threatened by commercial development? Will mining calcified seaweed destroy marine life? Does your fish fat come from fish waste?

Do manufacturers use important resources or are they involved in pollution? For example, burning carbon from natural gas used to produce chemical nitrogen,
How can you do this? Transporting large amounts of fresh manure?
Is it excessive or wasteful? The use of urea has attracted many supporters, but they are all considered bad for organic gardening, are soil structural microorganisms destroyed?

Carbon based organic fertilizer production process

Why people are keen on carbon based fertilizer production?

Organic carbon fertilizer based on high-quality lactic acid and semi acid can promote the formation of soil aggregate structure, reduce soil bulk density, increase exchange capacity, adjust soil pH value, and contribute to improving soil moisture, fertilizer, heat preservation and ventilation capacity. Carbon based fertilizer can fundamentally improve the problems of soil hardening and soil fertilizer reduction.

In addition, humic acid is a kind of high molecular compound with multi-functional groups, which can provide sufficient carbon source and energy for soil microorganisms, promote the metabolism and reproduction of microorganisms, increase the retention of soil microorganisms, enhance the activity of soil microorganisms, and improve the soil environment.

Whether it is bamboo biochar, straw charcoal, or tobacco stem charcoal, the premise must be biomass charcoal. Fertilizers that are not in harmony with biomass charcoal can not be called true carbon based fertilizers. Carbon based fertilizer produced by sx organic fertilizer manufacturing technology is a kind of high quality fertilizer.

Fertilizer Drying Machine for Chicken Manure
Fertilizer Drying Machine for Chicken Manure

The emphasis of carbon based fertilizer is biochar, so the main function must be attributed to biochar. According to the porosity and strong adsorption capacity of biochar, the following points can be summarized:

1. Maintain soil moisture;

2. Increase microbial activity;

3. Lock nutrients in the soil;

4. Promote plant growth;

5. Establish lasting fertilizer efficiency.

Manufacturing technology of carbon based fertilizer

At present, carbon based fertilizer is also slowly circulating in the market, and its effect has been verified by many agricultural producers. The effect of carbon based fertilizer on improving soil and crop quality is significant. Carbon based fertilizer products also began to diversify gradually. Biochar can be processed into different types of carbon based fertilizer granules through the granulation process of disc granulator, flat mold granulator and roller granulator.

However, no matter what type of carbon based fertilizer, the ultimate goal is the same. Because of its porous characteristics and strong adsorption capacity, biochar is skillfully combined with various organic matter nutrients, inorganic nutrients and beneficial microorganisms to improve soil aggregate structure, enhance soil moisture and fertilizer retention capacity, enhance microbial activity and improve fertilizer utilization rate.

How to get NPK granules coated?

Processing sulfur coated urea in 15 t / h NPK fertilizer production line
Sulfur coated urea is a kind of coated slow release nitrogen fertilizer. In the process of NPK fertilizer production line, spherical urea is coated with a layer of molten sulfur to improve the physical properties of urea.

Sulfur coated urea is increasing in agricultural applications. With the increase of high concentration fertilizer application rate, the application amount of sulfur-containing super phosphate was relatively reduced, and the crop yield increased. The amount of desulfurization in soil increases, and the area of sulfur deficient land is expanding at home and abroad.

Therefore, the application of sulfur coated urea can not only improve the utilization rate of nitrogen, but also supplement the sulfur in soil.

Fertilizer Drying Machine for Chicken Manure
Fertilizer Drying Machine for Chicken Manure

Sulfur urea fertilizer production line equipment

Zhengzhou SX Heavy Industry Technology Co., Ltd. produces various NPK fertilizer production lines, organic fertilizer production lines and fertilizer granulation production lines. As shown in the figure, our plant specially designed a 15 t / h sulfur coated urea fertilizer production line. Sulfur urea production line equipment: 1 loader feeding hopper, 3 large angle belt conveyors, 1 rotary drum heater, 1 coating machine, 2 rotary drum powder machines and 1 fertilizer packaging machine for npk.

Processing technology of sulfur coated urea in NPK fertilizer production line

Urea particles are heated by a heater and then coated with a sulfur-containing outer film. After urea coating, it is sent to powder machine by large angle belt conveyor. The powder machine sprays particles to seal the cracks of the coating and reduce the biodegradation of the sulfur coating. Two series of machines are used to ensure the quality of fertilizer. The coating of NPK fertilizer production line on the outer layer of urea ensures the slow release of fertilizer efficiency.

The outer envelope provides a physical barrier for urea, so that urea is slowly permeated by water and decomposed by microorganism. In the soil environment, urea gradually diffuses through the envelope, and releases nutrients slowly through the envelope cracks and the structure formed naturally on the envelope surface.

Organic NPK Granules Production Technology

Roller granulator is a new dry granulation process for compound fertilizer production. Drying and normal temperature process are not used in production. After molding, the powder material with water content less than 15% is compressed into pieces. After comminution, granulation and screening, the flake material becomes the granular material meeting the requirements of use.
The roller granulator is produced by a process without drying and normal temperature, forming a primary. The equipment has the advantages of less investment, quick effect and good economic benefit.

Double roller npk granulator

Technology of roller granulator

Batching system → crusher → mixer → disc feeder → drum granulator → screening machine → packaging machine.

Go here for more in the NPK Granulation system.

Production technology of compound fertilizer with roller granulator

1. The qualified raw materials are added into the mixer according to the proportion requirements and mixed evenly;
2. In the process of conveying, it is transported to the disc feeder to remove iron from the material;
3. The material in the disc feeder enters the fertilizer granulator evenly, and the material is forced to pass between the two pressure rollers and extrude into a thin plate. The thin plate is broken into pieces by the coarse crusher under the pressure roller, and the materials on the screen continue to be broken and screened;
4. The semi-finished products are transported to the finished product screening machine; after screening, the fine particles are directly returned to the disc feeder; the large particles are crushed by the pulverizer, and then returned to the disc feeder,
5. After screening, the qualified products are transported to the automatic packaging scale for weighing, packaging and storage
The shape and size of the ball on the drum skin can be selected in a wide range according to the needs of users. The spherical shape includes pillow shape, semicircular particle shape, rod shape, ball shape, walnut shape, flat spherical shape and square strip shape. At present, the shape of flat ball is adopted.

Fertilizer Coating Process

Coated fertilizer is a kind of NPK compound fertilizer widely used in agricultural production. It is popular with farmers for its low cost and high fertilizer efficiency. When NPK chemical fertilizer production line produces compound fertilizer, the treatment of coating machine is increased, which greatly improves the influence of fertilizer on crops.

The controlled release time of coating controlled release fertilizer is long, and the fertilization effect can be as long as 2 months to 1 year. NPK coated fertilizer can promote root growth, make crops mature early, solve the problem of crop fertilizer shortage caused by severe drought, and create favorable conditions for high yield of various crops.

NPK coated fertilizers can be used in the production of many crops. The output of rice, wheat, peanuts, corn, cotton, tobacco, vegetables, fruit trees, flowers, lawns and other crops increased significantly.

How to process NPK fertilizer production line

In the process of coating fertilizer, NPK fertilizer production line uses various nutrients, such as blood acid as coating layer, and the fertilizer is coated by coating machine. The coating can greatly reduce the loss of fertilizer and soil fixation, and greatly improve the utilization rate of fertilizer. The proportion of NPK and its trace elements in coated fertilizer processed by NPK fertilizer production line is determined according to crop demand and different soil conditions.

When we use NPK fertilizer production line to process coated fertilizer, we can produce special or general coated compound fertilizer for crops. This special NPK compound fertilizer has high fertilizer efficiency.

The application amount should be reduced according to the specific situation of crops and soil. The time interval of fertilization should be determined according to the length of controlled release cycle.

Therefore, when farmers use coated compound fertilizer, the production cost will be reduced.
Coating fertilizer for NPK fertilizer production line

How to pack organic fertilizer automatically?

With the further advancement of industrialization in China, robotization hardware has been applied increasingly more in the day by day fertilizer processing plants. Individuals have slowly moved from difficult work to mechanized creation. Programmed pressing machine is generally utilized in compost creation. It can not just improve the proficiency of natural manure creation line and compound compost creation line, yet additionally guarantee the nature of creation. All the more significantly, the programmed pressing machine further improves the exactness necessities in the manure creation measure.

PLC is a gadget uniquely intended for modern creation. In the event that the creation climate of programmed pressing machine is too unforgiving, electromagnetic impedance is exceptionally solid. Prior to guaranteeing the ordinary activity of programmed pressing machine in manure creation line, we should realize how to evade inappropriate establishment or use. So in the natural compost creation line and compound manure creation line, we should focus on the accompanying issues of programmed pressing machine.

1. Manure creation climate of programmed pressing machine. Completely programmed pressing machine is legitimately utilized in the mechanical field, and the ecological necessities are not high. Notwithstanding, if the surrounding temperature dips under 0℃ or above 50℃, the establishment of the programmed pressing machine will leave a ventilated spot. In the exceptional climate, we have to utilize the hood to secure.

2. To accomplish convective cooling beyond what many would consider possible, all segments of programmed pressing machine require to be introduced vertically. To evade outer electrical impedance, PLC must be far away from high-voltage power gracefully and gadgets, and can not be introduced in a control bureau with high-voltage gadgets. Every one of the three lines needs its own wiring.

Compost Automatic Packing Machine Fertilizer Automatic Packing Machine

Since the cycle of natural compost creation line and compound manure creation line are unique, and the utilization of programmed pressing machine is extraordinary, the creation line ought to be orchestrated by its own circumstance.

Fermentation Technology in Organic Fertilizer Production

What are the phases of maturation and development in natural manure creation line?

1. In the beginning phase of stacking: when the temperature of the reactor ascends to around 50 ℃, it is called warming stage. The reactor temperature scope of 25 ~ 40 ℃ is reasonable for some moderate temperature microbial exercises.

2. High temperature stage: following 2 ~ 3 days, the reactor temperature ascends to 50 ~ 60 ℃, which is called high temperature stage. As of now, countless thermophilic microorganisms supplanted the first mesophilic microorganisms, and humification measure was done simultaneously.

How to pass judgment on the fruition of aging in natural manure creation line?

3. Cooling stage: the reactor temperature continuously dips under 50 ℃, which is called cooling stage. As of now, the species and amount of microorganisms in the reactor are more than those in the high temperature stage. In this stage, the decomposable natural material grid in the reactor diminishes pointedly, and humification is predominant.

4. The gathering of humus in the fertilizer expanded essentially. The stacking materials ought to be compacted and covered with soil, so the anaerobic cellulose disintegrating microscopic organisms can likewise overwhelmingly decay cellulose, and gradually complete the later development.

Through the over four phases, the fertilizer was totally matured and deteriorated. Go to https://compostturnermachine.com/compost-tank/ for more details.

How to make fertilizer granules by extruding method?

Flat granulator is a kind of processing machinery in fertilizer plants. It is an extrusion fertilizer granulator, which is commonly used for fertilizer granulation.

The organic fertilizer production line of flat mold granulator has the characteristics of simple process, low equipment price and low power consumption, which is easy to use and maintain. The granulator can be used for granulation of organic fertilizer, compound fertilizer, feed and other materials. It has a wide range of material adaptability and many functions.

Application method of extruding fertilizer granulator flat die granulator

1. Before use, check whether the parts of the flat die granulator are tightened, whether the rotating parts are flexible, whether there is lubricant in the bearing, and whether the fertilizer granulator should be placed on a stable and stable ground. To check the power and voltage, the switch must be in the on position.

2. Check whether the clearance between the roller and the plate of the flat die granulator is kept at about 0.50 mm to prevent direct contact and abnormal wear. Select good mold aperture: select small mold when pressing small organic fertilizer; select large mold when pressing large organic fertilizer. During the operation of the organic fertilizer production line, attention should be paid to the site cleaning, and metal mixing into the powder and machine is strictly prohibited.

3. Start the flat mold granulator, check the granulation condition, check whether the surface of fertilizer particles is smooth and whether the temperature rise of particles is normal. By adjusting the bolts at both ends of the roller, the machine discharges normally.

3% of the material contained in the mold to prevent the mold from being corroded after the next time the mold is filled with oil.

How to make organic compost fertilizer at industrial scale?

Composting process is to reduce moisture and decomposition odor through decomposition and fermentation, so that manure can be used. Organic fertilizer equipment for composting livestock manure, not only can eliminate odor, but also can be used in agricultural production, provide nutrients for crops, and greatly improve crop income.

Compost fermentation, temperature rise, make it harmless. The feces of livestock and poultry contain pathogenic bacteria, parasite eggs and weed seeds. Compost is treated by organic fertilizer equipment system, and harmful substances are destroyed by the rise of fermentation temperature. During the composting process, the temperature of the fermentation product continuously rises to 70 ° C, which is enough to kill pathogens and parasites.

Compost fermentation requires oxygen for microbial activities. We can use composting turning machines with organic composting equipment to mix materials, increase material air and increase the gap between fermented materials.

Composting turning machine

Composting turning machine for organic fertilizer processing
Composting turning machine can handle open and close compost and mix compost at the same time, which solves the problem of raw material treatment and has complete functions. The composting truck runs on the track, which improves the flexibility of the machine, improves the transmission efficiency of the machine, and saves the operation cost. The material was processed by composting truck, which shortened the fermentation time.

Powder organic fertilizer equipment

The organic matter content of compost is high, so it can be used as fertilizer to supplement the nutrients of crops. Just by treating these composts, organic fertilizer equipment can be used in farmland. The composting process of organic fertilizer equipment is very simple, mainly screening and crushing process. The compost is sent to the hopper, and the screening material of drum screen is crushed by the chain crusher, which is the finished composting product.

Granular VS Powder Fertilizer

Fertilizer granulation is the key technology of organic fertilizer processing, and the quality of granulation directly affects the quality of final fertilizer. Organic fertilizer is suitable for green plants and animals, which is the key to carbon containing chemicals in the soil layer.

According to the processing route of organic fertilizer production line, organic fertilizer contains not only harmful substances, but also a lot of favorable substances.

Why granulation is needed in the production of organic fertilizer? Organic fertilizer equipment manufacturers analyzed the advantages of organic fertilizer and powder fertilizer.

1. It is very important to master the particle size distribution of fertilizer for the storage and transportation of chemical fertilizer. Granular fertilizer has good performance, and powder fertilizer is not easy to store. Fertilizer granules have good transport characteristics.

2. Low water soluble fertilizers are generally made into small particles to ensure that they melt reasonably and rapidly in the soil layer and are digested and absorbed by green plants.
Organic fertilizer granule

3. Fertilizer granulation improves the production process of agriculture and animal husbandry. The fertilizer granule has the function of slow releasing fertilizer, which is convenient not to be blown away by the wind.
4. Some inorganic components can be added to the organic fertilizer production line and granulated by the fertilizer granulator according to the formula to improve the fertility of the organic fertilizer. However, powdered fertilizers and inorganic components can easily absorb water and form blocky materials. Interested in fertilizer granules machines? welcome go to https://www.fertilizermachinesale.com/fertilizer-granulation-equipment/

How to make npk fertilizer granules?

With the continuous development of science and technology, the demand for agricultural fertilizer is higher and higher. For different crops, different regions and soils, the demand for fertilizer is different. In order to meet the actual needs of crop growth, in NPK fertilizer production line, fertilizer production enterprises should try to plant soil, apply fertilizer, prepare special fertilizer, adopt professional NPK fertilizer production process to produce compound fertilizer with multiple nutrients.

Roller granulator is widely used in NPK fertilizer production line. This kind of fertilizer granulator plays an important role in the production of compound fertilizer. The roller press granulator uses physical extrusion to produce elliptical particles. The roller granulator has greatly promoted the development of extrusion granulation of compound fertilizer and the extrusion granulation process of NPK fertilizer production line.

Production of compound fertilizer granules by rolling granulator
The characteristics of raw materials have an important influence on the granulation effect of roller granulator. The roller granulator can be used for granulation production of ammonium carbide, ammonium chloride, ammonium sulfate, vegetables, ammonium nitrate, magnesium sulfate, magnesium silicate, zinc sulfate, etc., as well as the granulation of NK compound fertilizers such as organic fertilizer and biological fertilizer.

On the other hand, the temperature of raw materials has a great influence on extrusion. In the extrusion process, the friction between the particles will generate heat and increase the material temperature. Generally speaking, the increase of temperature is conducive to the smooth completion of the extrusion process and the strength of the plate. However, too high temperature will also bring adverse effects, especially in the processing of urea based fertilizer materials, too high temperature will make the material adhere to the coil.

The roller granulator designed by Zhengzhou SX fertilizer equipment manufacturer adopts normal temperature extrusion granulation process, which can better maintain the characteristics of raw materials without affecting fertilizer efficiency. In order to avoid fertilizer bonding roller, the roll body of roller granulator was refined with a kind of anti-corrosion, wear-resistant, impact resistant and durable metal. More details in npk granules producion, go to https://www.fertilizermachinesale.com/npk-compound-fertilizer-granulation-equipment/

Dry Granulation Fertilizer Production Technology

Non drying fertilizer granulation technology is mainly used for products with low water content. Generally, moisture content below 10% is a critical value. (some materials can reach 16%, for example, some contain only crystal water). Some organic fertilizer manufacturing processes have low water content, no need to dry, and save energy.

Dry granulation

The double roller granulator belongs to drying granulation equipment without drying process. It has high granulation density, good fertilizer efficiency and high organic content. The particles are flat and round, suitable for compound fertilizer.

Most of the particles produced by dry granulation are irregular particles (such as ordinary particle size potassium fertilizer), and their shape is similar to the shape of small gravel. The double roller granulator can produce all kinds of high, medium and low concentration NPK compound fertilizer and organic-inorganic compound fertilizer granulation, which meets the requirements of energy conservation and environmental protection.

Fertilizer granulation technology without drying extruder

The dry powder extruder consists of five parts: frame, head, pressure reducer, motor and crusher. It has the advantages of simple structure, high stability, convenient operation and maintenance, and strong adaptability of raw materials.

Fertilizer Granulation Process Tips

Granulation differentiation in organic fertilizer manufacturing process
With the continuous progress of science and technology, the competition of market economy is becoming increasingly fierce. For the organic fertilizer machinery industry, this is both an opportunity and a challenge.

In this competitive environment, the differentiation of organic fertilizer manufacturing process has become a major factor in the market structure. In other words, whether the equipment can meet the processing and manufacturing of different fertilizers affects the market of fertilizer machines. Therefore, it is very important to pay attention to the difference of equipment.

Manufacturing technology of organic fertilizer

For the organic fertilizer equipment industry, in such a competitive environment, NPK fertilizer granulator has become an important part of the enterprise market structure. The scope of market control depends on the success of the differentiation of fertilizer granulation equipment. Therefore, the differentiation of fertilizer production process is very important.

Bio organic fertilizer is a kind of total nutrient element which can improve soil and harden soil by using improved fertilizer. Organic fertilizer can improve the physical and chemical properties of soil and improve the retention capacity of soil moisture and fertilizer.

In bio organic fertilizer, beneficial microorganisms enter the soil and form symbiotic relationship with soil microorganisms. It can inhibit the growth of harmful bacteria, transform them into beneficial bacteria, interact and promote each other, play a synergistic role in the population, promote the decomposition and transformation of organic matter, and promote and regulate the growth of fruit trees.

How to make organic fertilizer at lower cost?

Organic fertilizer equipment is a popular mechanical equipment in chemical fertilizer processing market. With the rapid development of science and technology, the transformation and renewal of organic fertilizer production equipment is also very rapid.

What kind of organic fertilizer pelletizer is suitable for? Bio organic fertilizer spherical granulator is a new generation granulation equipment designed on the basis of absorbing, digesting and utilizing the advanced granulator principle at home and abroad. Through repeated experiments and development, the problems of high temperature sterilization and drying of chemical fertilizer have been overcome.

The new type of organic fertilizer granulator has the characteristics of reasonable design, simple structure, high temperature resistance, bacteria resistance, smooth particles and so on. Because the organic fertilizer particles are easy to loose and not easy to form balls, the moisture content of the particles is low and dry.

Organic fertilizer granulator is used to ferment various organic materials. In order to break the traditional granulation process of organic materials, the raw materials before granulation do not need to be dried and ground, and the treatment of spherical particles can save a lot of energy.

SX fertilizer equipment company specializes in the production of fertilizer granulator, new environmental protection and energy saving drum dryer, BB fertilizer equipment, double roller granulator and mold, fertilizer granulation equipment, compound fertilizer equipment, NPK fertilizer production line, metering and packaging equipment, automatic granulation system, dry powder granulator, biological organic fertilizer equipment, organic compound fertilizer equipment, disc granulator, drum granulator, urea crusher Electronic belt, etc. It is suitable for NPK compound fertilizer, organic inorganic compound fertilizer, organic fertilizer and bio organic fertilizer.

How to make organic fertilizer from cocoa waste?

In the process of cocoa bean processing, there are a lot of wastes, such as bean shell, seed coat, seed embryo and so on. These wastes are treated and have certain use value. Cocoa waste is mainly bean shell, which contains more protein and fiber, and can be used as feed or organic fertilizer.
Bode shell is rich in nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Because the cocoa tree needs more potassium and the content of potassium carbonate in the bean shell is high, the bean shell is very suitable for the production of organic fertilizer raw materials.

Compost Making
Compost Making

Cocoa seed coating is also suitable for use as organic fertilizer. Fertilizer made from seed coating can reduce the viscosity of the soil and play the role of humus and humus. Seed coat is not easy to decompose. In the fermentation of organic fertilizer, seed coating needs to be pretreated, crushed into small pieces, and then composted for fermentation.
The production of organic fertilizer from cocoa waste can be divided into two stages: composting fermentation and organic fertilizer production equipment processing.

Fermentation composting of cocoa waste

The weight of bean shell accounts for a large part of the weight of cocoa fruit itself. After the cocoa beans are removed, the shells are usually discarded in situ. Pod shells are of great value. Therefore, the proximity principle should be adopted in the selection of organic fertilizer production site to facilitate the fermentation of raw materials.

Cocoa processing waste (bean shell, seed coat) is put into fermentation tank, and animal manure such as chicken manure, pig manure and cow manure are all added with regulating raw materials. After high temperature fermentation, harmful bacteria are killed.

Processing cocoa compost with organic fertilizer production equipment
Fermentation compost is produced into fertilizer products by the industrial processing of organic fertilizer production equipment. The basic fertilizer equipment for cocoa composting processing includes fertilizer crusher, mixer, organic fertilizer granulator, rotary dryer, rotary cooler and packaging machine. Different fertilizer products can be produced by different processing technologies.

BB Fertilizer Basis

Bulk mixed fertilizer, also known as BB fertilizer, is composed of two or two or two kinds of high concentration raw material fertilizers with larger particle size, which are mixed in a certain proportion according to the needs of users.

The appearance of this fertilizer seems to be uneven, but its nutrients are actually equivalent to other compound fertilizers. In the production of bulk mixed fertilizer, all raw material fertilizers must be granular, and the particle size is basically similar, so as to prevent the aggregation of the same particle in the production, storage, transportation and use of the mixed fertilizer, and produce a single fertilizer effect.

Application of bulk mixed fertilizer

The formula of bulk mixed fertilizer can be adjusted flexibly, especially suitable for areas with large land area, complex soil types and many crop types. It is widely used in developed countries in the United States, accounting for about 40% of the total consumption of chemical fertilizer.

BB Fertilizer Production Line

Raw materials of bulk mixed fertilizer

Like other compound fertilizers, bulk mixed fertilizers have three grades: high, medium and low. The raw materials used are urea, ammonium nitrate, ammonium chloride, ammonium bicarbonate, super calcium phosphate, monoammonium phosphate, diammonium phosphate, phosphate, potassium chloride and potassium sulfate.

Bulk Fertilizer Blender 

Fertilizer granulation production line processes different types of fertilizer granules. Various granular products are processed by fertilizer granulation production line and mixed into different types of special mixed fertilizers by bulk fertilizer mixer. The bulk fertilizer mixer includes multiple silo batching systems, bulk mixed fertilizer mixer and packaging machine. BB fertilizer mixer is the main equipment for producing this fertilizer. It is evenly mixed with different granular fertilizers to ensure the efficiency of fertilizer.

Defects of bulk mixed fertilizer

BB fertilizer has different varieties and different raw materials, resulting in different physical and chemical properties of BB fertilizer, such as uneven particle size and short storage time. Different chemical reactions take place between the mixed fertilizer materials, which makes some finished products easy to dissolve and even become the mud in the packaging bags, thus affecting the fertilizer efficiency. How to make quality BB fertilizer? Welcome go to https://www.fertilizermachinesale.com/bulk-blending-fertilizer-production/

How to appy bio fertilizer products?

The application of organic fertilizer can improve the soil structure, but its effective nutrient content is low and the fertilizer efficiency is slow. Biological fertilizer can enhance soil fertility, stress resistance and disease resistance, but the biological fertilizer itself does not contain nutrients.

According to the advantages and disadvantages of chemical fertilizer, traditional organic fertilizer and biological fertilizer. Zhengzhou SX chemical fertilizer plant has developed a new type of compound biological fertilizer, which has the functions of biological bacteria activating soil and transforming soil nutrients. We also designed the production method of biological fertilizer.

Benefits of applying biological fertilizer

Biological fertilizer has the characteristics of organic fertilization, soil improvement and rapid effect of inorganic nutrients, which can improve crop quality.

2. Biological fertilizer can increase the nutrient content of nitrogen, organic matter, soluble phosphorus and soluble potassium in soil, increase the number and quantity of beneficial microorganisms in soil, and enhance the function of disease resistance, drought resistance and metabolism of crops.

3. Biological fertilizer has a positive effect on increasing crop yield, improving crop quality and increasing agricultural economic income.

Production technology of pellet bio fertilizer

Due to the advantages of powder fertilizer, such as convenient agglomeration, uneven volume, unfavorable mechanized application, inconvenient transportation and storage, and serious use of biological fertilizer, granulation of biological fertilizer is an urgent need in actual production. The pan type fertilizer granulator is more suitable for the production of biological fertilizer.

Production of biological fertilizer with Pan fertilizer granulator

The effects of production formula, grinding fineness and water content of powdered fertilizer on granulation effect of compound biological fertilizer were studied. The fermented organic fertilizer was crushed and screened, and then mixed evenly with a certain proportion of inorganic fertilizer, and granulated by a pan fertilizer granulator. The pan type fertilizer granulator is equipped with spraying device, which can evenly add water to the material. In the process of biological fertilizer production, granulation is carried out according to the appropriate parameters, so as to improve the production efficiency.

Biological fertilizer granules are dried and screened to obtain the fertilizer we need.

Want to know how to make bio fertilizer products, welcome go to https://organicfertilizerplants.com/bio-organic-fertilizer-production/

Slow Release Fertilizer Production Process

Slow release controlled fertilizers release nutrients slowly in the soil to meet the nutrient requirements of the whole crop growth period. In the process of NPK fertilizer production, slow release and control of fertilizer are realized by granulation and coating.

Slow release fertilizer means that the release rate of available nutrients in plants is lower than that of fast fertilizer after fertilization in soil. Controlled release fertilizer refers to the regulation of nutrient release according to the set release mode and nutrient absorption law of crops. Release not only refers to the release period of fertilizer, but also refers to the release rate of nutrients in fertilizer, which conforms to the law of crop fertilizer demand.


Ideally, controlled release fertilizer can artificially control the supply and release rate of nutrients according to the nutrient requirements of different stages of crop growth. That is to say, nutrients can be released when crops need them and retained in the soil when they are not needed, so that a single application can meet all stages of crop growth.

NPK fertilizer production line processing slow release controlled fertilizer
NPK fertilizer production line can slow release and control fertilizer through fluidization treatment. The main production processes are: batch processing, mixing, granulation, drying, cooling, screening, coating, packaging. Fertilizer granulator is the key to slow release and control fertilizer processing. It determines the size, shape and hardness of fertilizer particles. Fertilizer granulator determines the appearance of the product, and the physical shape of the product also affects the fertilizer effect.

Rotary drum granulator is usually used for slow release and controlled fertilizer production for granulation. The roller granulator has the advantages of large production capacity, low production cost and spherical particles meet the production requirements of slow release fertilizer. The final stage of NPK fertilizer production and processing is coating. After particle coating, it becomes slow release fertilizer.

Urea fertilizer coating

With the continuous improvement of agricultural science and technology, the promotion of high-yield varieties, the improvement of land re cultivation index, the vigorous development of economic crops, flowers and urban greening. The phenomenon of crop growth and soil nutrient ecological balance is becoming more and more serious, and the phenomenon of crop sulfur deficiency is becoming more and more serious.

Sulfur urea has become a popular fertilizer product in the market. It is coated with sulfur and other trace elements on the outside of urea by coater and pulverizer, so that the nutrients of fertilizer are released slowly. It is different from the technology of rotary drum granulator of compound fertilizer.

Why should sulfur coated urea fertilizer be used

1. sulfur coated urea can improve the utilization of fertilizer, similar to the granular fertilizer made by disc granulator, and can control the release rate of fertilizer nutrients. Especially, the utilization rate of nitrogen fertilizer can be greatly improved, the efficiency of fertilizer can be nearly doubled, and the agricultural investment can be greatly reduced and the environment can be protected.
2. increase crop yield greatly. The application of different soil and crop has a good effect on the yield.
3. the sulfur coated urea fertilizer can improve the quality of the crop products.
4. fertilizer can be used as soil conditioner, and the effect of the treatment of saline alkali land is good.
5. reduce labor input.

The application of sulfur coated urea fertilizer at one time can meet the needs of different growth stages of crops. With the high cost and shortage of modern agricultural labor cost, the application of sulfur coated urea in some crops also shows its characteristics.

For example, planting sugarcane, because the cane grows for months, it is not easy to mechanized fertilization after the crown is closed. In the early stage of self-growth, single fertilization can meet the needs of crops and is welcomed by sugarcane farmers. Strawberries grown in plastic mulch are also easy to apply nitrogen, so 70 percent of California’s strawberry growers use sulfur coated waste.

We provide a complete production line of sulfur coated urea, as well as the chemical fertilizer production equipment such as disc granulator, drum granulator, double roller granulator, coating machine, packaging machine and so on.

How to make granules fertilizer with pan granulation machine?

Organic-inorganic compound fertilizer is a compound fertilizer that integrates organic matter and inorganic fertilizer. Organic-inorganic compound fertilizer has various components, which can not only provide crop nutrients, but also improve soil biological activity and soil fertility, so it is widely used in cash crops.

Organic matter is an important component in organic-inorganic compound fertilizer, and its content directly determines the actual effect of bio-organic compound fertilizer. Therefore, the granulation process of organic-inorganic compound fertilizer production line is particularly important. The organic fertilizer disc granulation production line can realize the complete treatment of organic-inorganic compound fertilizer.

For the pan granulator, the addition of organic matter is also the key to granulation. Want to know how does the granulator make fertilizer granules by wet granulation method, welcome to https://www.fertilizermachinesale.com/pan-granulation-process/

Disc Pelletizer for Small Scale Cow Farm Manure Granualtion
According to the actual situation, several kinds of materials with abundant raw materials, low price and convenient processing can be selected as the raw materials of the pan granulator.

Organic fertilizer: chicken manure, pig manure, peat, plant ash, etc.
Inorganic fertilizers: urea, ammonium sulfate, superphosphate, calcium magnesium phosphate, potassium sulfate, potassium chloride, etc.

Organic compound fertilizer disc granulator

Organic fertilizer has strong water absorption and looseness, and its water content, fineness and other factors have a greater impact on granulation. Therefore, organic matter plays an important role in the production of disc granulators. On the premise of keeping the compound fertilizer and other inorganic nutrients unchanged, increasing the input of organic matter is an important way to improve the quality of biological compound fertilizer.

However, organic matter has strong dispersibility and has a greater impact on granulation. The organic content is too high, which is not conducive to the production of the pan granulator.

Experiments show that in the production line of organic fertilizer disc granulation, the amount of organic matter is about 25%-35%, and a better granulation effect can be obtained. The process of organic fertilizer disc granulation production line is suitable for the production of granular organic-inorganic compound fertilizer.

How to make npk fertilizer graules?

The physical and chemical properties, apparent structure and internal structure of products produced by different NPK compound fertilizer production processes are different. It leads to the difference of nutrient release, soil acidity and root zone nutrient change, which affects the relationship between nutrient release rate and soil nutrient supply and demand, and finally leads to crop growth. Differences in yield and fertilizer efficiency.

NPK Fertilizer Production Line Design Layout

Therefore, the difference of fertilizer efficiency between different processes of compound fertilizer is due to the differences of physical and chemical properties and structural characteristics of compound fertilizer itself, as well as the difference of manufacturing technology. In order to improve crop yield and fertilizer efficiency, NPK fertilizer production process must be improved.

NPK fertilizer production process solid aggregate method

In this method, single alkali fertilizers (such as urea, ammonium nitrate, ammonium chloride, ammonium sulfate, ammonium phosphate, potassium chloride and sulfuric acid) are used as raw materials. After grinding to a certain fineness, the raw materials are gathered and granulated in the drum of the rotary granulator by adding water and heating.

In the process of granulation, a small amount of phosphoric acid and ammonia can be added into the rotary drum granulator to improve the granulation conditions of NPK fertilizer production. It is one of the methods widely used in the world to obtain compound fertilizer products by drying, sieving and cooling granular materials. This method was used by the early United States, India, Japan, Thailand and other Southeast Asian countries.

Production of NPK compound fertilizer by solid polymerization

Zhengzhou SX fertilizer machine manufacturer, with strong technical strength, advanced fertilizer granulation technology, excellent product quality and perfect service system, has become a fertilizer production equipment industry by customers praise and trust manufacturers. We provide NPK fertilizer production machinery, and can design professional compound fertilizer production process for you. Our NPK compound fertilizer production equipment sells well in China, as well as the United States, South Korea, Malaysia, Australia, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, Philippines, Pakistan and other countries.

NPK fertilizer production technology

Using rotary drum granulator to produce NPK compound fertilizer, using amino acid method to realize fertilizer granulation, NPK fertilizer production process. The following is the whole process of fertilizer production.

 

1. Add the raw materials of batch processing system and the return of the whole production process to the rotary drum granulator. The rotary drum granulator is used for wet granulation, and the materials are gathered into the granules.

Rotary drum granulator

2. After metrological verification, concentrated sulfuric acid, dilute ammonium sulfate and cleaning solution of waste gas cleaning system are added into the mixing part of tubular reactor to mix and dilute.
3. After being measured and verified, the gas ammonia in the ammonia station can react with mixed acid quickly to produce high temperature ammonium sulfate and ammonium phosphate aqueous solution, which is evenly sprayed on the bed of granular material through atomizing nozzle.
4. After mixing other gas ammonia with steam, the monoammonium phosphate and super phosphate in the layer are reacted in the granulator again by the mixing device to release the reaction heat, while the wet raw material will aggregate the particles into the particles under the rotating action.
5. NPK fertilizer particles are transported to the rotary dryer and exchanged with hot air in the thermal spray furnace. Water evaporation of compound fertilizer granules.
6. The material is transported to the drum cutter to screen out the particles. The fine particles are immediately returned to the fertilizer granulator and regrouped into the granules. Large particles are crushed by the crusher and then returned to the granulator to form particles again.
7. Some semi-finished products are transported to rotary cooler to cool chemical fertilizer by blowing cold air or forced cooling air and water.
8. Qualified products are transported to the coating machine for polyurethane coating.
9. The finished product is transported to the automatic packing scale for weighing, packaging and storage.
10. Exhaust gas is discharged after cleaning by dust collector, sedimentation chamber and water bath.

Organic fertilizer fermentation

In the process of organic fertilizer manufacturing, fermentation products are often not handed in, which is usually caused by the viscosity of the object in the fermentation reactor. The trough turning machine used in organic fertilizer fermentation usually processes organic wastes such as sludge waste, slag cake, straw sawdust, livestock manure and sugar mill sludge.

Due to the different consistency of materials and different moisture content of materials, it is easy to see the difficulty of turntable treatment.

How to solve the problem of turning over materials of composting truck

The start-up temperature of the stacker should be better than 15 ° C (it can be operated all year round, not affected by seasons, ferment indoors or in Greenhouse in winter), and the fermentation temperature should be controlled below 70-75 ° C.

Turning machine for tank composting

1 kg starter can ferment about 10 tons of sludge and cow dung. According to the weight ratio, add about 30-50% cow dung, or straw powder, mushroom residue, peanut shell powder, or rice husk, sawdust and other organic materials to regulate ventilation.

If rice husk and sawdust were added, the fermentation time should be prolonged due to the high content of cellulose lignin.

Strain dilution: mixing and diluting 5-10 kg rice bran (or wheat bran, corn flour and other substitutes) per kilogram of appetizer, and then evenly sprinkle them into the material pile, the use effect will be better.

The moisture content of fermentation materials should be controlled between 60-65%. Moisture judgment: hold a piece of material tightly, the watermark of finger joint does not drop, and the ground is scattered properly. Fermentation with less water is slow, but fermentation with more

Construct fermentation reactor while spraying bacteria. The height and volume of the reactor should not be too short or too small. The fermentation reactor should be 1-1.3 meters high and 2-3 meters wide, with unlimited length.

The above is a brief description of the use of compost transfer machine in the fermentation process of organic fertilizer manufacturing process. We are a chemical fertilizer manufacturer, providing all kinds of composting turntable equipment.

Welcome to learn more about organic fertilizer equipment.

How to make fertilizer granules by extrusion method?

Roller granulator specially designed for fertilizer manufacturing process. Fertilizer granulator is the main compound fertilizer granulation equipment, which has a broad market in domestic and international markets.

Processing principle of fertilizer roller extruder granulator

Roller extrusion granulator is a kind of drying granulation process which uses pressure to gather solid materials. The material is extruded by two counter rotating rollers, which are driven by an eccentric sleeve or hydraulic system. When extruding the solid material, the air between the powder particles is removed first, and the particles are rearranged to eliminate the gap between the materials.

When the brittle material is extruded, some particles are crushed and the fine powder fills the gap between the particles. In this case, if the newly formed free chemical bonds on the surface cannot be quickly saturated by the atoms or molecules in the surrounding atmosphere, the newly formed surfaces will contact each other and form strong recombination bonds.

When the material is extruded, the particles will deform or flow, resulting in a strong van der Waals attraction. In the extrusion process, the energy formed by pressure forms a hot spot at the contact point between the particles, which leads to the melting of the material, the temperature drop and the material cooling to form a fixed bridge. The thickness of large parts produced by extrusion is 5-20 mm, and the surface density is 1.5-3 times of feed. Large pieces, crushed and screened to obtain the required particles.

Fertilizer roller extruder granulator

The double roller of granulator is the key of fertilizer manufacturing process. The following is a brief description of how to adjust a volume.

1. Adjustment of roller clearance

First, loosen the bolts on the bearing housing, rotate the eccentric sleeve, and adjust it to the required thickness, so that the eccentric sleeve exerts radial force on the drive shaft. When adjusting the gap between the two rollers, the two rollers cannot collide. The minimum value should be maintained between 0.4 and 0.6 mm. Then tighten the bolts on the bearing pedestal.

2. Adjust the ball sleeve accordingly

First, loosen the bolts on the bearing seat, such as the axial dislocation of the ball sleeve, adjust the two eccentric sleeve cover bolts to make the shaft move left and right, so as to adjust the ball sleeve relatively. Tighten the bolts on the bearing housing. If the ball sleeve is not up to right, first release the bolt of the adjusting board, then adjust the top line of the concave part of the adjusting board, so that the reverse shaft can slightly turn to the spherical socket. Then tighten the bolts of the commissioning panel and loosen the top wire for use.

How to make bio fertilizer more efficient?

Biological fertilizer production equipment is mainly used for granulation processing of compound fertilizer, biological bacterial fertilizer, clay, crop straw, biogas residue, organic fertilizer of body acid, animal manure, rice husk, household garbage and various crude fibers.

Bio organic fertilizer can improve soil ecological environment and soil microbial community, and play a greater role in reducing crop diseases and insect pests. Biological fertilizer production equipment is widely used in agriculture.

In the production of biological fertilizer applicator, the flat mold granulator is commonly used as granulation equipment. The granulator has low material requirement and high granulation rate. Maintenance is an important method to avoid abnormality in the production of biological fertilizer device.

1. When storing the granulator, the dust should be removed and the chassis plane of the mobile device should be kept clean in time. In order to avoid the product can not be damaged by material, the movable bearing can not move smoothly on the chassis, which will lead to serious accidents.

2. Good lubricating oil is of great help to bearing life, so operators should ensure that the lubricating oil injected is as clean and well sealed as possible.
In the process of fertilizer granulator, if the load current of main motor is too small, the possible reasons for operating current less than 60% are as follows:

1. The feed rate is too low, and the granulator does not meet the pressure range required for granulation.
2. The content of urea nitrogen in raw materials is too high. The flat die extruder extrudes the material into a strip and cannot round the particles.
3. Due to the high moisture content of raw materials, the fertilizer granulator can not extrude the granules out of long strips and throw them into the round granules.

Solution: adjust raw material moisture or formula, adjust feed rate.
Flat die extruder granulator
If the current fluctuation of the pelletizing load is too large to exceed the rated current value during the operation of the flat die extruder, the possible reasons are as follows:

1. The impurity of material is too thick and the mould hole is blocked too much, which leads to the high pressure in the granulation area.
2. The content of crude fiber is too high. Water content is too low or uneven, extrusion pressure is too high, temperature is too high.
Solution: adjust the moisture or formula of raw materials, select raw materials, remove impurities, and then granulation, remove abrasive tools of the granulator, and clean the impurities inside.

How to make organic fertilizer?

With the popularization of organic fertilizer, the use of organic fertilizer production equipment is also greatly increased, which makes the demand of organic fertilizer equipment increase year by year.

Therefore, the standard operation of organic fertilizer equipment has become the focus of attention. The following is a brief introduction to the matters needing attention when the organic fertilizer manufacturing process is newly built and the project is put into use.

1. Before the start-up of organic fertilizer production equipment
Since all parts of the new equipment are not yet in operation, it is necessary to heat up the equipment for the first time, which usually takes 40-50 minutes. For a specific operation, first raise the temperature, pull the motor V-belt by hand until it is released, and then continuously pull the motor 8-10 times according to the normal operation option. Then keep heating for about 10 minutes.

2. Temperature control after start-up

Before starting the machine, we have made a preliminary temperature adjustment on the equipment. The material treatment of organic fertilizer equipment in the production process is determined by the characteristics of the material itself. Therefore, heating should be continued after start-up, because normal production requires continuous heat supplement; different temperatures are adjusted according to different properties of plastics.
Manufacturing technology of organic fertilizer

3. When the fertilizer manufacturing process works normally

During normal operation, the temperature of the drum granulator should be stable and should not be high or low. The temperature should be about 200 ° C near the nozzle until the machine head. At this temperature, most materials can be treated well. For the double roller granulator, granulation can be carried out at normal temperature, and the moisture content of materials should be paid attention to during the granulation process.

4. Close the organic fertilizer manufacturing process

First of all, cut off the power supply of the host, and the plug of the machine head (the part with wrench) must be removed. Preheat separately before next use. As the organic fertilizer production equipment is heavy machinery, the corresponding operation procedures and production projects must be strictly observed when operating the organic fertilizer granulation equipment to ensure the safety of production. When installing, pay attention to whether the host is vertical to the ground. After installation, first check whether the screw of the machine is loose and whether the air box of the main unit door is fixed. If there is any looseness, please strengthen it to avoid accidents.

How to produce npk fertilizer with double roller granulator

Double roller granulator is an important fertilizer granulator in NPK compound fertilizer industry. Using the extrusion principle, the fertilizer granules with a diameter of 3.5-10 mm are formed, and the granulation rate is higher than 85%. Double roller granulator is a common granulation method in NPK fertilizer production process. It does not dry at room temperature (moisture content is 2% – 5%).

Low cost and fast granulation speed bring good economic benefits for compound fertilizer investment.

Working principle of double roller granulator

Double roller fertilizer granulator machine is the representative of fertilizer granulator with extrusion mode. The dry material is compressed into a hard material. Dense blocks under pressure are extrusion processes. The blocks are then crushed, screened and pelletized, which is the granulation process. The function of extrusion is to squeeze the air between particles, so that the distance between particles is close enough to produce interaction. The hardness of particles produced by rolling is mainly attracted by intermolecular forces. Our double roller granulator is continuous extrusion of materials.

In NPK fertilizer production process, roller granulator has the following advantages compared with other fertilizer granulators:

Double roller granulator for NPK fertilizer production

1. There is no drying system in the fertilizer processing process of roller press granulator. The fertilizer can be granulated at room temperature with a moisture content of 2% – 5%. It forms once and costs less.
2. Rouble roller granulator has small power, reliable motor, no waste discharge, stable granulation and convenient maintenance.
3. Roller granulator has wide adaptability to raw materials. It can be used for granulation of compound fertilizer (including organic fertilizer, NPK fertilizer, biological fertilizer and magnetic fertilizer), mineral powder, chemical industry, feed and other raw materials.
4. This granulator has advanced structure, advanced technology and good economic benefits;
5. Popularize the series production of domestic fertilizer such as rare earth fertilizer, ammonium bicarbonate fertilizer and polysulfate fertilizer.

Plants for Biofertilizer Production

There are many kinds of organic fertilizer, and bio organic fertilizer is the leader. Biological fertilizer is a kind of fertilizer which combines microbial fertilizer and organic fertilizer.

Bio organic fertilizer products not only contain high organic matter, but also contain microorganisms with specific functions. The microorganisms contained in bio organic fertilizer products should have certain fertilizer functions, such as improving soil fertility, producing and assisting crops to absorb nutrients, activating insoluble compounds in soil for absorption and utilization of crops, or producing various active substances, disease resistant and disease resistant substances.

Biological planting can stimulate and regulate crop growth, reduce or reduce the occurrence of plant diseases and insect pests, and improve the quality of agricultural products.


Biological fertilizer plant mainly includes fertilizer granulator, crusher, mixer, drum machine, etc. Compared with common organic fertilizer, biological fertilizer production technology content is higher.

In addition to adding microbial agents to promote the maturity and decomposition of organic materials in the decomposition process, so as to achieve the purpose of directional decomposition and deodorization, microorganisms with specific functions need to be added in the production of microorganisms to improve the effect of products.

Fertilizer manufacturers will remind you that biological fertilizer is different from ordinary organic fertilizer in the production process. In the biological fertilizer plant, there is no difference from the ordinary organic fertilizer production equipment. The only difference is how to protect functional bacteria, improve the survival rate of bacteria in the production process, so as to maximize the efficiency of fertilizer.

Biological fertilizer plant

The following five points should be paid attention to when processing biological fertilizer production plant

(1) When processing and producing fertilizer, the drying temperature should not exceed 80 ° C, otherwise the number of active bacteria in biological fertilizer will be affected.
(2) When storing and transporting biological fattening, it is necessary to avoid damp or rain;
(3) In the process of biological fattening, direct sunlight should be avoided.
(4) The physical, chemical and biological factors of soil must be taken into account when using biological fertilizer.
(5) Biological fertilizer cannot be used together with pesticide and physiological acid fertilizer.

How to make organic fertilizer pellets by granulator?

Organic fertilizer granulator is an important mechanical equipment for organic fertilizer production. The function of organic fertilizer granulator is irreplaceable. What are the advantages of organic fertilizer granulator compared with other fertilizer granulators? The following is a detailed description of its features.

Organic fertilizer granulator

In many organic fertilizer production equipment, the importance of organic fertilizer granulator is the first. The organic fertilizer granulator designed by our factory is the latest scientific and technological product developed on the basis of years of experience in compound fertilizer processing equipment design and production by Agricultural Machinery Research Institute.

Obtained the national utility model patent. It is used for granulation of various organic matters after fermentation. It breaks through the traditional granulation process of organic materials.

Fertilizer Drying Machine for Chicken Manure
Fertilizer Drying Machine for Chicken Manure

Instead of drying and crushing raw materials before granulation, spherical particles can be processed by direct ingredients, thus saving a lot of energy.
The characteristics of organic fertilizer granulator are used to produce pellets. The organic content can be as high as 100%. The granulation of organic matter can be completed.

Granulator uses organic particles under certain action, can be embedded in each other to grow, granulation does not need to add adhesive. Particles are solid and can be screened after granulation to reduce energy consumption without drying. Fermented organic matter can be processed in a fertilizer granulator. The moisture content of raw material is 20% – 40%.

NPK fertilizer production caking problems

In NPK fertilizer production, sometimes the fertilizer coking occurs. Coking of chemical fertilizer usually occurs in the process of chemical fertilizer processing, storage, transportation and transportation. The main reasons are moisture absorption, surface dissolution, evaporation and recrystallization of fertilizer particles.

In this process, a crystal bridge is formed, and small particles become large particles and aggregates. The coking problem of NPK compound fertilizer is mainly related to material (raw material of NPK fertilizer production line), humidity, temperature, external pressure and storage time. So how to solve the problem of chemical fertilizer coking?

If you want to avoid scorching, you need to know the reasons for cutting gold to avoid loss. The following chemical fertilizer manufacturers specifically analyzed the causes of chemical fertilizer coking.

1. NPK compound fertilizer usually uses raw materials, such as ammonium salt, phosphate, trace element salt, potassium salt, etc. Most of these materials contain crystal water, which is easy to absorb water. For example, ammonium sulfate, phosphate and trace elements are easy to gather, but insoluble in water. Urea is easy to precipitate and aggregate when it encounters trace element salts.
2. NPK fertilizer production equipment processing is generally non closed production, in the production process, the higher the air humidity, the easier the fertilizer moisture absorption and addition. When the weather is dry or raw materials are dry, fertilizer is not easy to eat cake.
Double roller grain
3. The higher the working temperature of double roller pelletizer, the material is easy to dissolve. In general, the material dissolves in its own crystalline water and results in a complex. When the temperature of nitrogen rises, water evaporates and it is not easy to gather. The temperature is generally above 50 ℃. We usually need to heat to reach this temperature.
4. The greater the pressure of fertilization, the easier the crystal contact with the crystal, and the easier the firing group; the lower the applied pressure, the more difficult it is to get stuck.
5. After the double roller granulator is manufactured, the longer the fertilizer is placed, the easier the accumulation is, and the shorter the placing time is, the less difficult the cake is.

Read more for npk fertilizer production.

Bio Fertilizer Production Process Cost

Compared with common organic fertilizer, bio organic fertilizer has more advantages in efficacy and mechanism. The continuous update of biological fertilizer production technology and granulation equipment also promotes the continuous improvement of new fertilizers, thus effectively improving the soil environment, improving soil fertility and reducing diseases and insect pests. The following is a brief introduction of the new fertilizer granulator.

Compost Making
Compost Making

In the production process of granular biological fertilizer, fertilizer granulator is one of the most important equipment. The quality and output of granulator are closely related to the reasonable selection of granulator. Since fertilizer is sold in granules, it needs a good appearance for easy use; the yield of fertilizer is directly related to the production cost. From the perspective of enterprises themselves, they naturally hope to get the maximum benefit with the lowest cost.


There are many kinds of granulation equipment of biological fertilizer applicator, from the traditional  pan granulator and rotary drum granulator to the improved combined granulator of our company. Every renewal and development is to meet the requirements of new fertilizer development.

Various granulators are not only more and more suitable for materials, but also meet the granulation requirements of various materials, greatly improving the quality and output of particles. Our combined granulator (organic fertilizer and compound fertilizer granulator) is a combination of drum granulator and cascade granulator, which has higher production efficiency and lower material requirements.

Granulator for organic fertilizer and compound fertilizer

There are many kinds of granulation equipment in the production process of biological fertilizer agent. Customers can choose and purchase them according to their own granulation needs. Due to the different principle of each model, the production cost consumed is also very different. The price of fertilizer granulator ranges from thousands to tens of thousands of yuan. If you want to know more about each equipment, please contact us, we will provide you with the most satisfactory service and the most favorable price.

How to get compound fertilizer granules dried?

In the process of compound fertilizer production line, the material must be dried and cooled. At this point, a dryer, cooler and screening machine are required. Many customers are not familiar with chemical fertilizer processing technology. Here is how to dry and cool the materials in the  fertilizer production line.

Fertilizer Drying Machine for Chicken Manure
Fertilizer Drying Machine for Chicken Manure

The particles to be dried processed by NPK fertilizer granulator are transported to the feed port of the feeder through the belt conveyor, and the granular materials flow into the drying cylinder along the feed trough. The feeder is mounted outside the drying cylinder.

Driven by the deceleration drive system, the granular material moves backward with the rotation of the drying cylinder, and the heated hot air is blown into the feed end. It directly contacts the material of the drying cylinder, evaporates its water vapor and dries it.

In the drying process, according to the drying degree of the material, the deceleration drive system can adjust the speed through the frequency converter.

Dry and cold particles in compound fertilizer production line

The intermediate sensing draft hood draws steam from the drying cylinder. Then, as the drying material rotates, it enters the cooler again. Under the action of the middle induction draft hood, the natural wind enters the cooler from the unclosed end.

As the cooler rotates, the material is picked up and the material temperature is directly reduced to the natural temperature. After that, the granular material will enter the drum screen, and the unqualified material will be screened out from the drum screen, and the qualified material will go directly to the next packaging part. More info on compound fertilizer production, welcome to https://fertilizerplantdesigner.com/compound-fertilizer-production-line/

How to produce the best fertilizer with pan granulation

In the process of using organic fertilizer production equipment, if the safety in the operation process is strictly observed, the granulation rate will be effectively increased, the energy consumption will be reduced, and the service life of the equipment will be extended. Therefore, from the following aspects, we can adjust the pan granulator to make the fertilizer production reach the optimal state.

1. Strictly control the powder quality

(1) It is strictly forbidden to have iron block, stone larger than 10 mm and wood block larger than 10 mm in raw material discharge and supply of fertilizer production line. Rice bran and sand can not exceed the quality index, too much will cause the low output of the pan granulator.
(2) According to the formula of NK compound fertilizer, the quality of chemical fertilizer and other raw materials should be strictly controlled.

2. Transform the new blade in the CD

The blade of disc granulator is good, and the particle size is uniform and beautiful. The blade is divided into front blade and rear blade, and there is no gap between the two blades.

3. The main technical key of operating the disc granulator

(1) Do a good job in the technical training of personnel before operation, improve the technical quality and operation skills of the staff.
(2) The particle size of compound fertilizer is 70-90 mesh.

4. Select and adjust the nozzle of disc granulator

(1) The working mechanism of nozzle must be mastered when selecting nozzle

According to the hydrodynamics, it is proved that the bigger the pressure is, the smaller the through hole is and the larger the droplet diffusion surface is. At the same pressure, the spray hole is small, the droplet density is small, the spray hole is large, and the droplet density is high.

(2) How to choose the model and specification of nozzle

The smaller (or larger) the feed droplet and the smaller (or larger) the particle size, the lower (or higher) the yield of the fertilizer production line.
The denser (or thinner) the droplets, the higher (or lower) the output of the droplets they make (or smaller).

How to make organic fertilizer at large scale?

Bio organic fertilizer production line is the need of developing circular economy, building resource-saving and environment-friendly society, which conforms to the trend of agricultural development. If we want to build a high-yield biological fertilizer production line, what basic equipment do we need?

1. Tank fermentation equipment. Collect cow manure, chicken manure, sheep manure, mix dung and hay and make compost. In the fermentation process, the composting turning machine is used to ferment the cow dung, which ensures that the turning is carried out evenly. But the climate varies from place to place, some areas are very dry, some are very humid, which will affect the quality of fermentation.

2. Material crushing equipment. Semi wet material crusher is a professional crushing equipment for crushing high moisture multi fiber materials. The crusher adopts high-speed rotating blades, fiber has good particle size and high energy, semi wet material crusher is mainly used for biological fertilizer production process and organic fertilizer manufacturing process. It is suitable for the production and processing of mature organic materials, and has good crushing effect on chicken manure, lactic acid and other raw materials.
Biological fertilizer production line

3: Mixing equipment.

4. Bio organic fertilizer granulator. These materials are granulated by a pan granulator, an organic fertilizer granulator or a flat granulator. We suggest the use of a new type of organic fertilizer granulator.

5. Drum drying equipment. The organic fertilizer dryer is used to further remove the moisture content of particles, which meets the standard requirements of biological fertilizer moisture content.

6. Drum cooling device. A rotary cooler is used to cool the dry granular material, which helps to store and preserve the particles.

7. Drum projector

8. Granular fertilizer coating machine. The coating machine is composed of screw conveyor, mixing tank, oil pump and main engine, which can effectively prevent the coking of compound fertilizer. The main engine is made of polypropylene lining or acid resistant stainless steel.

How to make different sizes of fertilizer granuels?

Disc granulator is one of the compound fertilizer production equipment. Its shape is mainly composed of disc, simple structure and intuitive granulation. In the production, by changing the parameters of the pelletizing plate, the production capacity of the equipment is improved, and the efficiency of the NPK fertilizer production line is improved.

Generally speaking, the diameter of Pan fertilizer granulator mainly depends on the output. Different fertilizer machine manufacturers will combine other equipment of NPK fertilizer production line according to their own conditions, such as annual production capacity. The annual production capacity of a 2-meter diameter disc granulator can reach more than 10000 tons, and the annual production capacity of a 2.2-meter diameter granulator can reach more than 15000 tons.

Therefore, the annual production capacity should be considered from the design point of view when selecting the disc diameter.

Pan fertilizer granulator

Once the diameter of the pan fertilizer granulator is determined, the plate height can also be basically determined. Generally speaking, the larger the diameter, the higher the disc height. However, the height of the disc also affects the granulation time. Due to the difference in friction coefficient between the raw material and the disc surface, the particles generated on the disc will have a grading effect.

Small particles will stop near the bottom of the disc, and large particles will be discharged from the edge. Therefore, the higher the edge of the disc, the longer the granulation time. If the disk is too high or too low, the ball forming time is short and the particle size is relatively small. Therefore, on the one hand, the plate height will affect the size of product particles discharged from the granulation plate, on the other hand, it will also affect the output.

Because if the material in the tray stagnation time is too long, the slower the product discharge speed, the larger the product particles, the larger the particles that do not meet the standard, and the lower the proportion of ball formation rate, it is very important to select the tray height reasonably.

Humic Acid Fertilizer Production

Function and production equipment of low acid fertilizer
Blood acid fertilizer plays an important role in maintaining soil activity. In industry, manure, straw, mushroom residue, sawdust and other wastes are fermented by organic fertilizer production equipment, and then processed into organic fertilizer. This organic fertilizer product is rich in acid and blood.

1. Blood acid can improve nitrogen use efficiency

Nitrogen fertilizer is an indispensable fertilizer for plant growth, mainly urea and carbamine. When urea and ammonium bicarbonate are used in this field, they will soon disappear with the flow of air and water. Only 30% of nitrogen can be absorbed and utilized by crops. Aromatic nuclei, hydroxyl groups, carbon groups and other acidic functional groups in methanoic acid can react with nitrogen to form stable new ion groups. These compounds exist in the soil for a long time, and gradually decompose and release nitrogen, so that plants can slowly absorb.

2. It has synergistic effect on phosphate fertilizer

When the available phosphorus fertilizer is applied into the soil, the phosphorus element will be fixed by the metal ions in the soil, so that the available phosphorus can be converted into delayed phosphorus or ineffective phosphorus. The aromatic core, hydroxyl group, carbon group and other acidic functional groups in methanoic acid can react with phosphorus, making phosphorus become soluble phosphorus, increasing the activity of phosphorus element, which is easy to be absorbed by plants. According to statistics, the fertilizer efficiency of phosphate fertilizer can be increased by 5-10% after adding Heye acid fertilizer. Get more professional info on organic fertilizer production, welcome to https://organicfertilizerproductionline.com/

3. It has synergistic effect on potassium fertilizer

It can not only prevent the loss of potassium ion in sandy soil, but also prevent the immobilization of potassium in cohesive soil, and increase the utilization rate of potassium fertilizer by about 5%. In order to improve fertilizer efficiency, NPK fertilizer and blood acid organic matter are processed by fertilizer granulator in the process of organic fertilizer production.

4. It has the function of retaining water and fertilizing

Blood acids interact with calcium ions in soil to form flocculation and precipitation gel, combine soil particle cement, transform soil particles into small reservoirs and reservoirs, retain water and fertilizer, increase soil voids, and improve soil water and fertilizer retention capacity.

Waste liquid of sodium glutamate organic-inorganic compound fertilizerproduction process?

The advantages of organic and inorganic fertilizer process for sodium glutamate wastewater are as follows

The role of organic fertilizer in improving soil structure, soil fertility, improving soil biological activity, promoting crop growth and improving crop quality has been gradually recognized. Making full use of the waste liquid of glutamic acid to produce organic and inorganic fertilizers can not only be converted into waste, but also help to prevent pollution and protect the ecological environment. The transformation of various wastes into treasures and comprehensive utilization of resources are the concrete embodiment of implementing the scientific outlook on development and realizing circular economy. The waste liquid from glutamic acid production is a high quality raw material for organic fertilizer processing.

Main components of glutamic acid wastewater

In the production of 1 ton sodium glutamate, about 20 tons of high concentration organic waste liquid should be discharged, including N13% ~ 16%, K2O2% ~ 5%, and most of the rest are organic substances, which contain 4.5% ~ 5.0% of various amino acids.

Processing technology of sodium glutamate wastewater from organic fertilizer production equipment

1. After precipitation and concentration, the waste liquid of sodium glutamate is put into the waste liquid storage tank, and the organic waste liquid is heated to the evaporation temperature by the heat provided by the steam boiler.
2. It is pressurized by the mud pump and sprayed on the material curtain of the granulator through the atomizing spray gun. At the same time, some qualified raw materials such as urea, monoamine phosphate, potassium chloride and fillers are transported to the relevant weighing equipment.
3. The material is delivered to the organic fertilizer granulator, in full contact with the organic droplets in the waste liquid storage tank, and saturated steam is introduced at the same time. Due to the friction caused by the rotation of the granulator, organic droplets form a rolling material bed. The extrusion pressure produced by rolling and the cohesive force provided by the drop of organic matter make the material aggregate into balls.
4. Transfer to the rotary drum dryer, heat exchange with the heat of the hot gas furnace; in order to prevent the organic matter content from decreasing due to high temperature carbonization, the temperature during drying must be controlled at 200 ~ 230 ° C.
5. Transfer to the thermal screening to sort the particles, and the small particles directly return to the organic fertilizer granulator, as the core, continue to participate in the agglomeration of particles into balls.
6. The screened semi-finished products are transported to the rotary chiller to cool the fertilizer through natural cold air or forced cold air. Large particles are crushed by a pulverizer and returned to the granulator to continue to participate in the formation of the ball.
7. Select qualified products and send them to chemical fertilizer coating machine for coating treatment.
Fertilizer coating machine fattening device particles
8. Transfer to automatic packing scale for weighing, packaging and storage.
9. Drying, cooling and workshop dust are discharged after cyclone, labyrinth dust chamber and wet washing.

Fertilizer Application Methods

Ammonium bicarbonate and diammonium phosphate are commonly used fertilizers in agriculture, which are processed by fertilizer production line. So, what is the key point of fertilization technology?

Ammonium bicarbonate

The nitrogen content of ammonium bicarbonate is about 17%, which is the lowest in solid nitrogen fertilizer. The moisture content of ammonium bicarbonate is generally 5% – 6%, and it is easy to deacidify and combine with acid. When the temperature is lower than 20 ° C, when the temperature is slightly higher or the moisture content in the product exceeds a certain standard, ammonium bicarbonate will decompose into ammonia and carbon dioxide, resulting in the loss of nitrogen fertilizer efficiency. It is a physiologically neutral available nitrogen fertilizer, which is suitable for various crops and soils, and can be used as basic fertilizer and top fertilizer. Therefore, it is also used as raw materials and other nutrients, and processed into other special fertilizers in batch through a pan granulator.

It can be used as fertilizer for ditch bottom. If it can be combined with the depth application of cultivated land, the effect will be better. However, it should be noted that the depth of application should be greater than 6cm (sandy soil can be deeper), and the soil should be covered immediately after application. Only in this way can nitrogen loss be reduced. When ammonium bicarbonate is used as a coat, the dry land can combine with the intermediate. The depth of application should be less than 2 inches. The soil should be covered immediately and watered in time. The paddy field should be kept about 1 inch shallow water layer, but not too shallow, otherwise it is easy to damage the roots. After application, plough in time to promote the absorption of fertilizer by soil.

When ammonium bicarbonate is used as a coat, it is important to remember not to apply it after rain or before dew dries. Ammonium bicarbonate, whether used as basic fertilizer or surface treatment, should not be sprayed on the soil surface to prevent nitrogen volatilization, nitrogen loss or damage to crops. At the same time, avoid high temperature season and high temperature period, and try to apply it in the season with temperature lower than 20 ° C.

Application of common fertilizer

Diammonium phosphate

Diammonium phosphate is a kind of fast fertilizer with high concentration, which is suitable for all kinds of crops and soil, especially for ammonium, phosphorus and other crops. It is suitable for basic fertilizer. If used as a top coat, it should be applied as early as possible before covering the soil with a depth of 10 cm. It should not be too close to the crops to avoid burning them. When used as seed fertilizer, it should not be in direct contact with the seed. Do not apply diammonium phosphate in water, otherwise most of its nitrogen will remain on the ground surface and should not be mixed with alkaline fertilizers (such as plant ash and lime) to prevent nitrogen volatilization and reduce the availability of phosphorus. We can also use NPK fertilizer granulator to further process high quality compound fertilizer.

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New Developed Machines for Organic Fertilizer Production

1. The necessity of developing new organic fertilizer. Chemical fertilizer is one of the decisive factors for high yield and high quality of grain. The use of chemical fertilizers has made a great contribution to increasing crop yields and alleviating food shortages. Fertilizer plays a very important role.

In the past, the fertilizer used by people was relatively simple, and the fertilizer with efficient utilization of nutrients was lack, and the proportion of various elements could not meet the needs of crop nutrients.

However, commercial granular fertilizer manufactured by fertilizer granulator can improve the utilization rate, ensure food security and reduce environmental pollution. A kind of high-quality compound fertilizer can meet the needs of crops, reduce labor intensity, reduce costs and ensure grain yield.

2. Development direction of new fertilizer. The development trend of new fertilizer is directly proportional to the development trend of agriculture.

Only by speeding up the development of new organic fertilizer, can agricultural production develop in the direction of high yield, high quality, low consumption and high efficiency.

Organic fertilizer production equipment

3. With the development of agriculture, higher requirements are put forward for the production equipment of new organic fertilizer and the nutrient content of fertilizer.

1. High efficiency.

Chemical fertilizer can directly meet the needs of the whole growing period of crops, save time, labor and improve work efficiency.

2. Composite.

The development of new agricultural fertilizer has many functions to meet the growth needs of crops.

3. Lasting.

With the development of agriculture, the requirement of organic fertilizer production equipment is higher and higher. Chemical fertilizer should also meet the different needs of crops. Stable fertilizer conforms to the characteristics of agricultural production and is the main direction of fertilizer development in the future.

Although the production process of organic fertilizer equipment is complex, its production cost and risk are relatively small, and the selection range of raw materials is very wide. I plant to provide professional organic fertilizer production equipment, NPK fertilizer production line, according to the actual situation for the user planning fertilizer technology and site design.

Oil palm kernel organic fertilizer production tips

SX equipment factory designed and manufactured a new type of organic fertilizer granulator, which is used to granulate various organic matters after fermentation. Before granulation, raw materials are not dried and crushed, and spherical particles can be directly batch processed to save a lot of energy.

Organic fertilizer granulator is an important equipment for organic fertilizer production. According to the added raw materials, special organic fertilizer granules suitable for oil palm, wheat, banana and other crops can be produced. If the granular organic fertilizer produced is not good, it will directly affect the texture and effect of organic fertilizer.

What details should be paid attention to when the organic fertilizer is produced by the organic fertilizer granulator?

1. The organic fertilizer granulator should be equipped with two powder bins for granulation, so that the granulator does not need to stop when changing the formula.

2. Before the organic fertilizer raw material enters the organic fertilizer granulator, an efficient iron removal device must be placed to protect the granulator from other impurities in the raw material.

3. The granulator of organic fertilizer should be placed on the cooler, and the crusher should be placed under the cooler

Organic fertilizer granulator

4. In order to make the organic fertilizer particles fall to the bottom of the box from a high place without damaging the bottom of the box, a vertical spiral slide should be installed in the box to slow down the impact.

5. The finished granular organic fertilizer should be packed and put into the finished product warehouse. Pay attention to the preservation of the environment to avoid the influence of organic fertilizer.
The above are some details that should be paid attention to during the operation of fertilizer granulator. These technologies not only save a small amount of power input, effectively reduce the cost, but also improve the efficiency of the task, improve the speed, and achieve satisfactory results.

How to make fertilizers good for plant grwoth?

Chemical fertilizer is one of the material bases of agricultural production. There are many kinds of fertilizers. Various fertilizers play different roles in the growth and development of crops.

Compound fertilizer

The chemical fertilizer containing two or more nutrients has the advantages of high nutrient content, small amount and good physical properties. It plays an important role in balancing fertilization, improving fertilizer utilization rate and promoting high and stable yield of crops. NPK fertilizer production line is industrialized to produce compound fertilizer granules suitable for different crops.

Humic acid fertilizer

The main raw materials of fertilizer are peat, lignite and weathered coal, which are treated by acid and alkali, and a small amount of inorganic fertilizer. It is rich in lactic acid and a certain amount of nutrients.

Effect: soil loosening, increasing soil temperature, improving soil onion exchange capacity and buffer capacity.

Compound microbial fertilizer

It refers to the combination of specific microorganisms and nutrients, which can provide, maintain or improve plant nutrition. SX organic fertilizer production machine can produce special commodity organic-inorganic compound fertilizer, improve the yield and quality of agricultural products.

Bio organic fertilizer

It refers to a kind of fertilizer which has the function of microbial fertilizer and organic fertilizer. It is mainly composed of specific functional microorganisms and organic materials mainly for automatic plant residue, harmless and decomposition treatment. Organic fertilizer granulator processes rotten compost into organic fertilizer granules.
influence:

  • Bio organic fertilizer 1. Improve the soil organic fertilizer;
  •  Provide all kinds of nutrients and stimulants for crops to promote and control the growth of crops;
  • Improving the ability of resistance to stress and disease resistance and reducing the disease index of continuous cropping crops can greatly alleviate the obstacles of continuous planting.

Bulk mixed fertilizer

A compound fertilizer by mixing several granular single fertilizer or compound fertilizer proportions. Comprehensive nutrition, high concentration, strong pertinence, BB fertilizer machine is simple. The formula of mixed fertilizer is flexible and can be changed according to different conditions of crop nutrition, soil fertility and yield level.

How to buy quality produced compound fertilizer products?

High quality compound fertilizer is produced by fertilizer granulator and other equipment. However, with the rise of social price, some bad businessmen use some inferior fertilizer as compound fertilizer to reduce the cost.

So in order to better let farmers choose high-quality fertilizer, let machine manufacturers introduce how to buy compound fertilizer.

1. Choose products produced by regular manufacturers
Due to the regular factory has a complete NPK fertilizer production line, fertilizer production technology is very advanced, the production of products and even granules, nutrition balance, stable quality. In addition, according to the soil nutrient status and crop characteristics, experts have developed the product formula through long-term experiments. The formula is reasonable, targeted, rich in nutrition, sufficient in content and safe to use.
2. Reasonable selection of compound fertilizer according to local soil conditions
Fertilizer is divided into acid and alkali, soil is also divided into alkaline. For example, in saline alkali soil, we should choose nitrogen acid compound fertilizer (ammonium nitrate), which can not only supply the nutrients needed by crops, but also reduce the alkalinity of soil. At the same time, the adverse effects on crops are avoided.
3. The ratio of input and output must be calculated when selecting compound fertilizer
In order to select compound fertilizer, the ratio of input and output must be calculated and the compound fertilizer should be selected at a reasonable price. As the key problem of increasing agricultural production and income is to reduce agricultural costs, it is very important to choose fertilizers with good quality and reasonable price, otherwise there will be no return.

Fertilizer equipment project

At present, rotary drum granulator and disc fertilizer granulator are mostly used in compound fertilizer production line, which has large investment and high cost. Under the cooperation of Agricultural Research Institute, our factory has developed a new generation of organic fertilizer granulator, compound fertilizer granulator, flat mold granulator and double roller granulator. The equipment has the characteristics of low investment, high efficiency, superior performance and easy to use.

How to get urea fertilizer coated?

Coated urea is a modified urea. So, why should urea be applied in the process of compound fertilizer production lines? There are two reasons:

1. Urea is a nitrogen fertilizer variety with the highest nitrogen content (n = 46%). In recent years, the actual effect of fertilization shows that urea is a kind of fertilizer with low utilization rate. Due to the large amount and low utilization rate of urea, the nitrogen loss caused by urea and the negative impact on the atmosphere and water environment are also large.

Drum coating machine

2. The reason for the low utilization rate of urea in agriculture is determined by the weak agricultural chemical properties of urea. The agrochemical properties of urea in soil are similar to that of ammonium bicarbonate. Soil cannot be absorbed and stored until it is absorbed and stored. At the same time of ammoniation, soil alkalization in micro area was also accompanied, which led to the increase of ammonia volatilization. The nitrogen content of urea is higher than that of ammonium bicarbonate, so the total volatile content of urea is higher than that of ammonium bicarbonate.

Material composition and processing technology of urea coating solution
The coating solution is a jelly composed of organic and inorganic substances. In addition to organic substances such as formic acid, a little salt forms of potassium (k), magnesium (mg), manganese (MN) and zinc (Zn) are added. Iron (FE), iron (b) and other nutrients. The coating solution is yellowish green with specific gravity of 1.17 ~ 1.18 and pH of 3 ~ 4.

Coating urea processing technology

Urea coating process is to use the coating solution and urea particle surface has a certain affinity, a small amount of solution evenly sprayed on the urea surface, and a small amount of penetration into the urea particles, the amount of coating solution per kg of urea is only 6-10 kg. With the help of hot drying and curing of urea, the coating solution can form a very thin film on the surface of urea particles after dry solid oxidation, which can be processed at one time.

We not only provide equipment related to urea coating production process, but also fertilizer granulator, NPK fertilizer granulator, extrusion granulator, rotary granulator, flat die granulator, organic fertilizer granulator, disc granulator, etc. Details go here.

Disc Granulator for Pellet Fertilizer Production

In cement, pulverized coal, chemical fertilizer and other industrial production fields, the granulation of powder or small non cohesive materials cannot be separated from the disc granulator.

Disc granulator has an irreplaceable role. Its rationality and advanced nature make it not only popular in fertilizer industry, but also talent shows itself in similar granulator equipment, and its application field is broader.

Structure of Pan fertilizer granulator

The structure of disc granulator is mainly composed of main body, main reducer, motor and transmission part.

Compared with the traditional equipment, the disc granulator is more scientific and unified, and can complete its own granulation work. High strength glass fiber, integrated arc design structure and three discharge outlets are designed to meet the needs of large-scale or large-scale granulation and ensure high granulation rate.

These structural optimizations improve the performance of the pan granulator to a new height, with the characteristics of uniform particle size, stable operation, weight and height reduction, which is convenient for operators to use.

The machine only needs a few people to complete all the work, effectively reduces the labor intensity, has strong flexibility, is suitable for NPK fertilizer production line, and can meet the needs of large material granulation.

Why people prefer to make organic fertilizer rather than chemical ones?

Chemical fertilizer has a rapid action and exists in various forms such as liquid and particle. Fertilizer is water-soluble, and plants can absorb nutrients immediately. Although this provides a quick nutrition and fast greening, it will never last. Only organic fertilizer can keep plants growing.
Chemical fertilizer can promote plant growth, but it has little effect on stimulating soil life, improving soil texture and improving long-term soil fertility. They can go into the water, but quick results come at a cost, too much use can burn your lawn and crops.

Organic Fertilizer Production Line

Because the nutrient of single chemical fertilizer is too simple to be suitable for crop growth, compound fertilizer is diversified at present. Most fertilizer plants use a pan type fertilizer granulator to process all the powder into granules.

Agricultural fertilizer

What is organic fertilizer

Organic fertilizer is great for plants and soil. If used properly, it will not burn or damage plants. Organic fertilizer stimulates soil microorganism and improves soil structure. Soil microorganisms play an important role in transforming organic fertilizers into soluble nutrients that can be absorbed by plants. Organic fertilizers usually provide secondary and micronutrient requirements, but not in synthetic fertilizers.

Whant to know how is npk fertilizer produced? Go here for more.

NPK Fertilizer Production Plant

The content of N, P and K in organic fertilizer is lower than that in chemical fertilizer, but it can prolong soil fertility. Therefore, the effect of organic fertilizer on plants is usually more subtle. It may take a while to see the results, but the payoff is that plants take a long time to get nutrients and the soil maintains its fertility.

After fermentation treatment, the organic waste is treated by crusher, organic fertilizer granulator and drum dryer to become organic fertilizer.
With the continuous development of science and technology, pure chemical fertilizer and organic fertilizer are difficult to fully meet the actual growth requirements of different soil crops. Therefore, it is necessary for chemical fertilizer plants to use fertilizer granulator to produce various types of organic fertilizer compound fertilizer to improve soil quality, reduce environmental pollution and improve fertilizer efficiency. Detailed info on organic fertilizer production process, welcome go to https://organicfertilizerplants.com/organic-fertilizer-production-process/

Why is organic fertilizer production so popular?

The content of soil organic matter is closely related to soil fertility. Although organic matter only accounts for a small part of the total soil, it plays an important role in maintaining soil fertility. The manufacturer of organic fertilizer production equipment introduced six functions of organic matter to maintain soil fertility.

Compost Made from Organic Waste
Compost Made from Organic Waste

1. Provide nutrition for plants

Soil organic matter contains a large number of plant nutrient elements, such as N, P, K, CA, Mg, Sn, Fe and other important elements, as well as some trace elements. Soil organic matter releases a large amount of nutrients through the mineralization process to provide nutrients for plant growth; humus synthesizes humus and preserves nutrients; humus releases nutrients again through mineralization process, so as to ensure the nutritional requirements of the whole plant growth process.

2. Promote plants to absorb other nutrients

In the process of decomposition and transformation of soil organic matter, the organic acid and thermal acid produced by the decomposition and transformation of soil organic matter have a certain solubility to the mineral part of the soil, which can promote the mineral differentiation and is conducive to the availability of some nutrients. Some metal ions combined with organic acids can be retained in soil solution without causing precipitation and affecting its availability.

3. Promote plant growth and development

Soil organic matter, especially polyphenol functional group, can enhance the plant respiration process, improve the permeability of cell membrane, promote the rapid introduction of nutrients into plants, and promote the growth of plant roots. Soil organic matter also contains vitamin B1, B2, propionic acid, nicotinic acid, hormones, IAA (+) – Non-Ethylene diacetate), antibiotics (streptomycin, penicillin), etc., which can promote plant growth and enhance disease resistance.

4. Improve soil physical properties

Organic matter has many functions in improving soil physical properties. The most important and direct function of improving soil structure is to improve soil structure, promote the formation of aggregate structure, increase soil looseness, and improve soil air and water permeability. Humus is the main cement of soil aggregate. Hu mu in the soil rarely exists in free state. Most humus and mineral soil particles combine with each other. Through the mechanism of functional group and hydrogen bond, the organic-inorganic complex is formed by wrapping the surface of mineral soil particles in the form of adhesive film. The distribution of agglomerates is reasonable, the stability of large, small holes and water is strong, and the structure is good. In arid areas, organic matter can reduce the expansion and contraction of soil by increasing soil viscosity, and prevent the emergence of large cracks when the soil is dry.

5. Provide energy for soil organisms

Without soil microbes, there would be no biochemical processes in the soil. The number, quantity and activity of soil microorganisms increased with the increase of organic matter content, and had a significant positive correlation. The mineralization rate of soil organic matter is low, and it will not stimulate microorganisms such as fresh plant residues rapidly, but provide energy for microorganisms continuously and stably. Therefore, the soil rich in organic matter has stable and long-term fertility, which is not easy to cause excessive plant growth and fertilization.

6. Activate phosphorus, potassium and other nutrients

Generally speaking, phosphorus in soil pool does not exist in the state of rapid action, but in the state of slow action and slow action, so the availability of phosphorus in soil is low; soil organic matter has the characteristics of reaction with insoluble phosphorus, which can improve the solubility of phosphorus, improve the availability of phosphorus in soil and the utilization rate of phosphorus fertilizer.

Organic matter plays an important role in soil. Organic matter is processed into balls by organic fertilizer granulator, which is widely used in farmland to maintain soil fertility. There has been a great increase in crop yield.

Why so many people prefer to make granular fertilizer

Benefits of organic fertilizer equipment processing granular fertilizer
Organic fertilizer has the functions of water storage, water saving, water reducing, evaporation reducing and drought reducing. It can reduce the application of chemical fertilizer, reduce the damage of saline alkali, regulate the soil, activate the activity of soil microorganisms, overcome soil hardening, and improve soil permeability.

Organic fertilizer mainly comes from crop straw, chicken manure, cow manure, pig manure and garden pruning waste. These raw materials are rich in a large number of beneficial substances, processed by organic fertilizer production equipment, and converted into treasures. On the market, organic fertilizers are usually made into solid particles and then sold.

What are the advantages of using organic fertilizer equipment to process granular fertilizer?

Advantages of organic fertilizer equipment in processing granular fertilizer

1. It is more convenient to apply granular fertilizer. Some organic fertilizers are light in proportion and easy to be dispersed by the wind when applied in the field, and become particles for easy application.

2. In the process of organic fertilizer granulating, some inorganic components can be added into the fertilizer to improve the fertilizer efficiency. If inorganic components are added to powdered organic fertilizer, it is easy to absorb water and aggregate. Granular fertilizer avoids this trouble.

3. Raw materials must be low in water to get powdery fertilizer, and compost must be crushed. The main limiting factor in the production of organic fertilizer is that the water can not be removed and needs to be dried. The granulation process of fertilizer can produce high temperature without drying. It just needs cooling, which is very convenient.

Organic fertilizer granule

For a long time, the unreasonable soil structure has been caused by the unreasonable agricultural production. Organic fertilizer equipment alleviates various problems in soil. Organic fertilizer is rich in organic matter and various nutrient elements, with stable fertilization effect and long time.

However, if we do not carry out scientific treatment, there are still some disadvantages, such as inconvenient transportation, unsanitary, low utilization rate of chemical fertilizer. The granulator of organic fertilizer solves the problem of using agricultural waste and improves the efficiency of agricultural production.

With the development of economy, the suitable raw materials of organic fertilizer are gradually expanded, and the demand for granular organic fertilizer equipment is increasing. We provide organic fertilizer granulator, pan fertilizer granulator and flat model granulator to solve different fertilizer granulation problems.

Powdery Fertilizer Production Technology

Powdery organic fertilizer VS granular fertilizer

Powdery organic fertilizer is a kind of organic fertilizer without granulation and drying, which occupies the absolute main market share. Compared with granular bio organic fertilizer, powdery organic fertilizer has the advantages of less investment, lower production cost, less nutrient loss in the process of processing, lower price and less ecological pollution, which is generally accepted by the plantations and fruit and vegetable bases.

However, the powdered organic fertilizer has not been treated by disc granulator equipment, and its shape is not beautiful enough, so it is not suitable for machine seeding and application.

 Equipment for powder organic fertilizer production

The production of powdery organic fertilizer is relatively simple. The main production machine has the following five parts: organic fertilizer steering machine, forklift, distributor, pulverizer and screening machine (drum cutter or vibrating screen machine).

How to configure a powder fertilizer production line?

It is necessary to connect equipment and equipment with belt conveyor to form a complete organic fertilizer production line
1. The belt conveyor above the crusher is connected with the screened raw materials.
2. The belt conveyor above the screening machine is connected with fermentation raw materials.
3. The belt conveyor under the sieve machine connects and screens the finished products, and sends the finished products to the processing site for weighing and packaging.
4. The warehouse needs a conveyor for loading.

Fertilizer Application Basis

Organic fertilizer is rich in resources, including not only manure, straw, green manure, soil fertilizer, fertilizer, but also cake fertilizer, sea fertilizer and biogas. The results showed that the combined application of organic and inorganic fertilizers could promote the recycling of soil nutrients, increase crop yield, improve the quality of agricultural products, accelerate the harmless utilization of organic wastes and resource utilization, which is the fundamental guarantee of sustainable agricultural development. The industrial fertilizer production line also processes organic fertilizer and NPK fertilizer in proportion. So, how should organic fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer be used together?

Organic fertilizer / inorganic fertilizer

1. Fertilize less frequently. Nitrate nitrogen and ammonium nitrogen in the compound fertilizer will absorb part of the heat in the process of dissolving, which will affect the ground temperature and adversely affect the growth of crop roots. However, the normal growth of crops still needs adequate nutrient supply. Therefore, the compound fertilizer should be applied less in winter, and should be applied in the morning when the weather is good.

2. Inorganic fertilizer should be combined with pure biological fertilizer (no nitrogen, no phosphorus, no potassium). Long term use of chemical fertilizer will gradually consume the organic matter in the soil, resulting in the reduction of the number of beneficial microorganisms in the soil, the decrease of enzyme content, and the destruction of colloid, resulting in soil compaction, acidification and salinization. NPK fertilizer and organic biological fertilizer can improve soil, make sand reunite, loosen clay, inhibit pathogenic bacteria, restore soil micro ecological environment, improve soil permeability, improve water retention and fertilizer capacity. The pan granulator is used in chemical fertilizer plants to process organic and inorganic fertilizers to improve fertilizer efficiency.

3. Fertilizer should be suitable. For leafy vegetables and other vegetables, due to the fast growth, high nitrogen demand and low phosphorus demand, the compound fertilizer with high nitrogen content and low phosphorus content should be selected; for fruit melon, the potassium demand is more, the phosphorus demand is less, the compound fertilizer with high potassium and low phosphorus can be selected; For the next vegetable seedling, due to the large demand of phosphorus at seedling stage, the compound fertilizer with higher phosphorus content can be used as basic fertilizer, and the compound fertilizer with higher phosphorus content can be applied after planting slow seedlings.

The manufacturer of fertilizer granulation machine suggested that the fertilizer should be applied scientifically. According to the above principles, organic fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer should be used together to increase agricultural income.

How is fertilizer products produced?

Fertilizer machine knowledge, you should know how to produce fertilizer
Organic fertilizer and compound fertilizer are two common fertilizers in the market. Their processing technology is different, the fertilizer effect is also different. Organic fertilizer mainly uses artificial fermentation fertilizer as raw material, compound fertilizer is the granular fertilizer of NPK fertilizer. To produce fertilizer, you should know the following common sense.

Cattle and Cattle Waste
Cattle and Cattle Waste

Application and characteristics of organic fertilizer production equipment

Organic fertilizer consists of fresh chicken and pig manure, without any chemical components. However, the digestibility of chickens and pigs is poor and only 25% of nutrients are consumed. The other 75% nutrients in the feed are discharged together with feces, making the finished product contain nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, organic matter, amino acid, egg white material and other components. The production equipment of chicken manure organic fertilizer not only creates economic benefits for enterprises, but also contributes to the environmental protection project of human beings.

Composition of compound fertilizer production line

Drum screen machine, batching system, LP series chain crusher, mixer, drum screen machine, cage crusher, NPK fertilizer granulator, double roll granulator, drum sand machine, high humidity material dryer, cooler, packaging machine.
Compared with the compound fertilizer machine, the organic fertilizer production equipment has fermentation composting transfer machine and semi wet material grinding machine.

Composition of organic fertilizer production equipment

Fermentation composting steering machine

The trough turntable is a kind of fermentation and composting equipment which is widely used at present. It includes walking fermentation tank body, walking track, electric take-off device, turning and dumping part and turning tank device (also known as transfer vehicle, mainly used for multi tank use). The turning parts are driven by advanced rollers, which can be lifted or not lifted. Lifting type, turning depth should not exceed 1.3m. The bearing seat of the turning device is fixed on the turning frame, and the two main shafts are fixed on the bearing pedestal. Each spindle is welded. A plurality of turning shafts are arranged at a certain distance and staggered at a certain angle. Each turning pile stack plate is welded on the shaft. The stacking device is connected to the walking device by pins.

Quality Organic Fertilizer Selection Tips

There are many kinds of organic fertilizers on the market now. How to choose organic fertilizer scientifically and reasonably? If you want to buy high quality organic fertilizer, you should combine the following principles.

Top Three  Ways to Choose Quality Processed Organic Fertilizer Products

First:  What’s the organic fertilizer composed of?

1. Organic fertilizer must be decomposed completely before application. Like regular and qualified company products, all products adopt the most advanced organic fertilizer decomposition technology. Through the long-term fermentation of fermentation bacteria, bacteria can be completely killed and completely decomposed.

Second: How about the production standard?

2. Comply with organic fertilizer production standards. When purchasing organic fertilizer, you should clearly see the national standards. The organic content was + 45%, the total content of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium was + 5%, the beneficial bacteria was ± 20 million / g, and the lactic acid was + 8%. SX organic fertilizer granulation mechanism makes granular fertilizer products have more comprehensive nutrients.

Third: What’s the smell of the organic fertilizer?

3. Smell the odor, the organic fertilizer has been deodorized in the production process, there should be no odor.

High quality organic fertilizer should contain a variety of beneficial microorganisms, which can continuously release nutrient elements and plant growth hormone needed by plant growth. High organic matter content can increase soil unity and particle structure, and improve soil fertility, moisture and heat preservation ability. The results show that the effect of fertilizer is long, the nutrition is released evenly and the effective period is long. Improve the micro ecological environment of crop roots and promote root growth.

How to use organic fertilizer effectively

Organic fertilizer can regulate the soil, fertilize the soil and improve the quality of crops. Fertilizers are targeted, and if the soil lacks any elements, special fertilizers will be applied and the results will be quick.

However, long-term use of chemical fertilizer will cause environmental pollution. The nitrate content in groundwater increased rapidly and the water body was eutrophicated. In addition, the excessive use of chemical fertilizer in farmland not only increases the input cost, but also leads to the crazy growth of crops. The nutrient supply of fertilizer to crop straw is not conducive to crop growth.

Compost Made from Organic Waste
Compost Made from Organic Waste

A large amount of chemical fertilizer will lead to soil compaction and the death of a large number of soil microorganisms.

Want to make fertilizer by your own? Here is the detailed process for your reference:https://organicfertilizerplants.com/organic-fertilizer-production-process/

Organic fertilizer

The mixed application of organic fertilizer and chemical fertilizer is conducive to give full play to the role of organic fertilizer, maximize crop yield and quality, and improve economic benefits. The mixed application of organic fertilizer and chemical fertilizer has the following advantages.

1. Improve the efficiency of soil and fertilizer. When organic fertilizer is mixed with chemical fertilizer, it can absorb organic fertilizer, reduce loss and improve overall fertilizer efficiency.

Choose your best avaiable machines for your organic fertilizer production, welcome to https://organicfertilizermachines.com/

2. The mixed application of organic fertilizer and chemical fertilizer can reduce the side effects of chemical fertilizer, increase the buffer capacity of soil and prevent acidification. Calcium superphosphate in chemical fertilizer contains too much free acid, which will affect seed germination and seedling production. After adding organic fertilizer, the free acid can be neutralized and the harm to seeds can be reduced.

3. Mixed organic fertilizer can increase crop nutrition. Organic fertilizer has comprehensive nutrients, long-term fertilizer efficiency and multiple organic matter, which can improve soil organic matter content and physical and chemical properties.

4. Adding chemical nitrogen fertilizer to organic fertilizer can avoid the effect of early nitrogen deficiency on crop growth.

How to make compound fertilizer

Compound biological fertilizer can be used in many fields, such as food, economy, fruits and vegetables.

1. Compound fertilizer can be used as basic fertilizer and top loading fertilizer. A compound biological fertilizer of 1-2 kg per mu is mixed with agricultural fertilizer, fertilizer or fine soil, and then applied to ditches, holes or spray.

2. Trenching and hole application of compound biological fertilizer. The young trees were fed in a circular ditch, 200 g compound bio fertilizer per tree, and 500-1000 g compound biological fertilizer for each tree, which could be mixed with fertilizer or soil.

3. The root was soaked and irrigated with compound biological fertilizer. Add 1-2kg compound biological fertilizer per mu, add 3-4 times of water, soak in the root during the process of crop transplantation, or irrigate the root after transplanting.

4. Mix the compound biological fertilizer into the seed soil. Each square meter of sown soil is mixed with 200-300 grams of compound biological fertilizer before sowing.

5. Adding compound biological fertilizer to potted garden plants. For flower lawn, 10-15 g / kg potted soil can be used as surface fertilizer or basic fertilizer.

6. According to different crops, 1-2kg compound biological fertilizer is mixed with chemical fertilizer per mu, then diluted with appropriate amount of water, and then irrigated with water.

7. Spray compound biological fertilizer on the leaves. Leaf spray should be done at about 500 times dilution or according to the instructions.
Compound fertilizer

Want to know how to make compund fertilizer for your plants, welcome to https://organicfertilizermachines.com/npk-compound-fertilizer-granulation-equipment/

Notes on Application of compound fertilizer

1. Compound biological fertilizer should not be mixed with fungicides and herbicides, and the interval of each application must be more than 7 days.
2. It applies compound biological fertilizer after rain or irrigation, shake it before application, and use it immediately after it is ready.
3. The compound biological fertilizer should be stored in a cool and dry place instead of directly on the ground.

Raw Materials for Organic Fertilizer Production

Recovery and utilization of exfoliated organic fertilizer

Urban landscape greening produces a lot of defoaming every day. Exfoliation is a good organic fertilizer material with low price. The nutrient content in the leaves is quite high. Application of fallen leaves as organic fertilizer can improve soil, increase soil organic matter content, improve soil additive conditions, improve soil fertilizer and water-saving capacity, and regulate soil pH.

According to the determination, apple leaves contain 3% – 6%, 0.2% – 0.3% phosphorus, 2% potassium and many trace elements; pear leaves contain 2% – 2.2% nitrogen, 0.1% – 0.25% phosphorus and 1.2% – 2.6% potassium. After the whole fruit stage, the nitrogen content in the leaves of the whole tribe in each mu pear orchard was equivalent to 98 kg ammonium bicarbonate, 12 kg super phosphate and 20 kg potassium carbonate.

These organic fertilizers are rich in organic matter and can be used to grow flowers, grass and vegetables. Stacking fallen leaves on tree roots can also improve soil poverty. If all the tribal leaves of the tree are used as organic fertilizer, then the tree does not need additional fertilizer.

Exfoliating organic fertilizer

The nutrients in the leaves are easily converted into organic fertilizer by composting, which is harmless to plant growth and alkalinity. There were significant differences in nutrient content and C / N ratio among different plants.

According to the actual content of raw materials, adding appropriate amount of high nitrogen material, adjusting C / N ratio and microbial agent, accelerated the composting process. The recycling of exfoliated organic fertilizer reduces the amount of chemical fertilizer applied, improves the quality of green soil, and realizes the recycling of garden material metabolism.

Recovery and utilization of exfoliated organic fertilizer

Urban landscape greening produces a lot of defoaming every day. Exfoliation is a good organic fertilizer material with low price. The nutrient content in the leaves is quite high. Application of fallen leaves as organic fertilizer can improve soil, increase soil organic matter content, improve soil additive conditions, improve soil fertilizer and water-saving capacity, and regulate soil pH.

According to the determination, apple leaves contain 3% – 6%, 0.2% – 0.3% phosphorus, 2% potassium and many trace elements; pear leaves contain 2% – 2.2% nitrogen, 0.1% – 0.25% phosphorus and 1.2% – 2.6% potassium. After the whole fruit stage, the nitrogen content in the leaves of the whole tribe in each mu pear orchard was equivalent to 98 kg ammonium bicarbonate, 12 kg super phosphate and 20 kg potassium carbonate. These organic fertilizers are rich in organic matter and can be used to grow flowers, grass and vegetables. Stacking fallen leaves on tree roots can also improve soil poverty. If all the tribal leaves of the tree are used as organic fertilizer, then the tree does not need additional fertilizer.

Exfoliating organic fertilizer

The nutrients in the leaves are easily converted into organic fertilizer by composting, which is harmless to plant growth and alkalinity. There were significant differences in nutrient content and C / N ratio among different plants. According to the actual content of raw materials, adding appropriate amount of high nitrogen material, adjusting C / N ratio and microbial agent, accelerated the composting process. The recycling of exfoliated organic fertilizer reduces the amount of chemical fertilizer applied, improves the quality of green soil, and realizes the recycling of garden material metabolism.

Why can bio organic fertilizer promote crop production

Beneficial microorganisms in bio organic fertilizers can propagate in large quantities in soil, form dominant populations, occupy root sites, resist or inhibit the growth and reproduction of other harmful microorganisms (such as pathogenic microorganisms), so as to reduce their chances of infecting crop root layer. Functional bacteria can improve the soil fertility. For example, nitrogen fixing microorganisms can increase the nitrogen source in the soil.

Phosphorus dissolving and potassium dissolving microorganisms can decompose insoluble phosphorus and potassium in soil and make crops absorb and utilize them. Many microbial strains can produce beneficial metabolites, such as vitamins, amino acids, nucleic acids, formic acid, soybeans and other physiological active substances, which can stimulate the growth of crops and enhance the resistance of crops to diseases and stress.

Bio organic fertilizer is rich in nutrients, including amino acids, protein, carbohydrate, fat and other organic components and N, P, K, CA, Mg, s, Fe, Mn, Cu and other elements. These nutrients can not only be directly absorbed and utilized by crops, but also can effectively improve soil fertility, water retention, buffer and supply conditions, providing a good growth environment for crops.

Compared with other fertilizers, bio organic fertilizer not only contains more complete nutrients and functional microbial agents, but also helps to release potential nutrients in soil and promote the proliferation of beneficial microorganisms in crop nitrogen layer.

It also has the advantages of high bioavailability, long action cycle, low cost and no harm to soil and environment. Long term use of bio organic fertilizer can effectively improve the soil, improve the soil fertility, regulate the micro ecological balance of soil and stratum, and improve the disease resistance and insect pests of crops and the quality of crop products.

Equipment and technology of bio organic fertilizer
Continue reading “Why can bio organic fertilizer promote crop production”

How to make bio fertilizer products?

Production of bio-organic fertilizer

Bio-organic fertilizer refers to animal and poultry manure as the main raw material, inoculated with microbial compound ingenuity, the use of biochemical technology and microbial technology to completely kill pathogens, parasite eggs, eliminate odor, the use of microorganisms to break down organic fertilizer, the transformation of macromolecule materials and then converted into small molecules, to achieve the purpose of deodorization, decomposition, fertilizer drying process, to produce good physical performance, carbon-nitrogen ratio, moderate fertilizer organic fertilizer. Bio-organic fertilizer belongs to biofertilizer. The difference between bio-organic fertilizer and microbial agent is mainly reflected in the strains, production processes and application techniques.

Bio-organic fertilizer fermentation

Bioorganic fertilizer production line flow

Microbiological agents are added to animal waste before fermentation. In the process of composting, organic solid waste such as animal and poultry manure is crushed and screened after fermentation, decomposition, dehydration, deodorization and so on. Can be used as commodity fertilizer products, but also as the production of bio-organic fertilizer, inorganic compound fertilizer raw materials. In other words, the products of the powdered organic fertilizer production line can be used as raw materials for the production line of bio-organic fertilizer. The process of bio-organic fertilizer production line mainly includes mixing, granulation, drying, cooling, screening and so on. Organic fertilizer granulators, fertilizer dryers, coolers, sieve machines, and packaging machines are required.

Organic Fertilizer Products from Chicken Manure Drying

Dried Chicken Manure Has Commercial Value Although It Greatly Lessens the Nuisance That Wet Litter Can Cause

Poultry farmers are usually beset with all the problem of poultry litter that can be quite a nuisance. It releases a high level of ammonia that triggers the environments in the hen houses being poor, and bring about distress on the list of birds, the workers in the home and even to neighbors. Ammonia gases harm the environment and fall foul of laws that require their release to get minimized. Additionally, wet poultry litter also attracts flies and this is often a big nuisance to farmworkers and others within the vicinity.

Compost Made from Organic Waste
Compost Made from Organic Waste

All of these problems ensure it is important to look at ways to reduce these difficulties and to figure out ways to dry the poultry litter so that it is simple to dispose of, and in addition give it a great deal of commercial value. It is actually easy to install these drying systems in the poultry house itself, but these can certainly produce a large amount of dust and may have limited capacity as space inside hen houses has limitations, which is better useful for the poultry that is certainly a part of money-producing business.

Fertilizer Drying Machine for Chicken Manure
Fertilizer Drying Machine for Chicken Manure

It is usually far better dry the manure beyond the poultry. The chicken manure created in your house should be cleared regularly each day so that dust and ammonia in it is kept at reasonable levels. Poultry manure may be dried all through the year in dryers and then transformed into a form of organic fertilizer which includes an assured market in garden supply centers and provides an excellent fertilizer that may be organic and has no chemicals. The countless process dryer systems that could be safely installed in areas alongside poultry houses is not going to only dry the manure minimizing all of its polluting problems but may also pelletize them to make sure they are convenient for just about any further use.

Most equipment useful for drying and pelletizing chicken manure essentially uses perforated plates which are often made from galvanized and powder-coated steel. Perforation portion of these plates helps keep 35 percent in their surfaces open to ensure the drying process created by blowing air is faster. The plates will be in constant motion when they move throughout the current of forced air, and some machines tilt the plates allowing dried manure to fall off on the plates below that are in constant motion and additional the drying process.

Air that may be blown into these dryers are at high-pressure and allows the manure to be dried to 80-85% within 72 hours. This can vary dependant upon the ambient humidity. The drying process also reduces the production of any fine dust to your large extent. Capacities of drying plants should be to ensure that they must be able to dry all of the manure that the layers inside a house can cause within 3 or 4 days and get extra capacities built in.

These systems will not require a lot of energy. The drying of your chicken manure greatly reduces odor, ammonia and also the problems of flies, while producing products that can be easily available in bags and containers as fertilizers for crops.

Compost Products From Cow Manure

In the majority of rural areas, cow dung or simply just cattle manure can be used widely in gardens. However, in comparison to others, cow manure isn’t actually loaded with nitrogen, nevertheless it comes with an extremely higher level of ammonia which can damage plants and burn them. Plants could be burned when cow manure is used directly to them. Our article goes into more details on how to make fertilizer from cow manure.

Compost Made from Organic Waste
Compost Made from Organic Waste

A effective and safe approach to use cow manure on plants is to compost it and you’ll essentially reap benefits in that way. Cow manure is literally comprised of nutrients and organic materials. However, they generally do contain just around 3% nitrogen, 2% phosphorous and of course the famous 1% potassium. So that as we’ve said before, it can actually contain quite a top level of ammonia as well as a group of dangerous pathogens.

Cattle and Cattle Waste
Cattle and Cattle Waste

Because of the above reasons, cow manure ought to be composted or aged to ensure that it can be safe for usage as being a fertilizer. When properly composted, you’ll have the ability to make use of cow manure without worrying about weed seeds, pathogens and ammonia. And you’ll be able to easily add the compost to your soil and reap the organic benefits that come with it. However, due to the moisture holding capabilities, you’ll also be able to water your plants significantly less.

Once you water your plants less, the fresh roots can readily use nutrients and water every time they should need them. And you’ll additionally be enhancing the aeration to your plants since heavily compacted soil will probably be easily separated. Composted manure also includes the beneficial bacteria that is required for converting your nutrients into an readily available form for the plants plus they prevent burning.

In relation to the composting process, you’ll have to firstly select a location that may be suitable for developing a pile that may be roughly a 4-foot square. It’s also good to bear in mind that you’ll also have to turn the pile so ensure you have sufficient room. Next you’ll need to spread about 3 inches of dry organic material layer onto the square area. Then you’ll spread roughly 2 inches of cow manure.

You’re gonna should continue layering until your pile is around 4 feet in height. Then you’ll must water your pile to make sure that it is actually completely damp even at the bottom. After you’ve dampened your pile, you’ll should give a layer of soil. About every three days or so, you’re likely to have to turn your compost pile as a way to allow the flow of air involved with it.

You’ll also need to ensure that your pile stays moist. And you’ll have to periodically examine the temperature when you turn it to help keep the temperature at its optimum level. After the composting process is completed, you’ll see that it must be dark brown, having an earth smell in fact it is quite crumbly.

While we conclude we have now just considered the best way to compost cow manure to make it into fertilizer. So we have likewise discussed the numerous benefits associated with cow manure fertilizer. So, understand that you can’t apply fresh cow manure until you’ve composted it!

Organic Fertilizer Production Methods

Organic fertilizers have already been used for quite some time. In olden days, before the development of artificial fertilizers, farmers would use available resources off their environment to produce organic fertilizers for produce. Not simply would it be easy to make organic fertilizers, yet it is also economical and effective. Some of the products farmers use to produce organic fertilizers include leftover food, grass, peels of bananas, eggshells, among others. Besides, it can help to save the surroundings since the waste which will go for the garbage bin is commonly used for any more meaningful purpose. Food waste, which is popular to create these fertilizers, is made up of organic matter which is perfect for making fertilizers. You could be capable to convert the wastes in a natural product abundant in nutrients, which will help to boost plant growth. Below are one of the ways you can help make your organic fertilizer.

Sort Your Home Waste.

Since humans will always consume food, it gets very readily available food remnants which you could utilize to help make the fertilizer. Fruit peelings and vegetables are usually extremely helpful, and you must prioritize upon them. Start with keeping eggshells, vegetable remains, and overripe fruits aside. These are generally biodegradable and also a large amount of nutrients. Avoid oils, milk products, and grease because this might cause the pile to get wet and in many cases produce an unpleasant smell. When you sort out these kinds of products, place the items outside, inside a trench and pour some wood ash on the waste. Wood ash is likely to fasten the decomposing process. After adding the wood ash, you might also add other components like sawdust. Animal waste including chicken waste and fresh cow dung is perfect for this process. Use it for those who have livestock. In case you don’t, you could purchase from farmers that have these resources available, for less money.

Cattle and Cattle Waste
Cattle and Cattle Waste

Add Natural Waste And Produce Compost.

After putting every one of these components in just one heap, add natural waste on the mixture. Some examples are grass clippings, vegetable leaves, branches or weeds. If the weeds in your garden have not flowered yet, you could dry them and after that chop those to work as the mulch. Weeds are generally loaded with nitrogen and can help you to protect your plants from losing nutrients. After this, the farmer needs to cover this layer, to guard it from animals or external tampering. The mix should then be left without having interruption for 3 weeks after which the farmer should open the compost heap. You should then rotate the compost using a handle to permit the ingredients to mix well plus, incorporate oxygen in the mixture. It is best to spin the compost a minimum of 3 times every week for excellent results.

Organic fertilizers certainly are a useful component for farmers that have a great deal of organic waste at their disposable. You only have to understand how to utilize the garbage, and you also are ready to go. The process of making organic fertilizer is just not complicated. Consider trying it for those who have not done it before.

Mixed Organic Composts

Should you be looking for the simplest way to mix compost you need to ensure that you just select a machine that will assist you to mix the compost the ideal. The proper machine is going to help you mix your compost without difficulty and you could easily mix what you must mix if you choose this machine. Mixing your compost is extremely important. You should make positive that you mix the compost properly if you wish the compost in the future out the proper way.

You can actually create the compost mixing line by investing in the best materials for your business. You must choose a line that will are best for your needs. The appliance is going to help you in many ways. It might blend and pulverize the materials hence they are ready to be used in the machine.

The mixer machine will almost certainly do a great job of mixing the compost. This makes it super easy to handle the compost and it also utilizes a special rotor to ensure that the compost will be blended properly. When the compost is going to be mixed the actual way it should certainly you need to use a good compost blender.

The blender won’t cause residue and contains a rotor that has a professional design. The rotor decreases the reside plus it pulverizes with ease. The blender features a double shaft type and single shaft type. The organic compost production line is a great investment and you could make plenty of great compost with this particular machine.

When you are interested in a compost machine you will need to pick the best size of the equipment. There are 2 types to choose from and you will have to choose which machine will be the very best for your needs. The mixers have different production capacities and you will have to choose which capacity will probably be the ideal to suit your needs.

Compost Made from Organic Waste
Compost Made from Organic Waste

In case you have a lot of waste you need to mix you need to go with a piece of equipment that has a higher capacity. It can be difficult trying to choose the machine that is the best for your expections so be sure that you select the right situation for your requirements. The ideal mixer will fit your purposes and make it the lot easier to deal with your various issues.

The pan mixer is an excellent choice because this machine is made up of mixing plate, discharge port, and arm. It is possible to use and it may work for many years without causing any problems. It is going to stir the compost quickly and a great job overall of keeping your compost mixed.

The mixer is a great deal and this will direct you towards a number of ways. The mixer will help you cope with all of your needs and it won’t take very long to get going when you use it. The mixer is a superb deal and can assist you often. Want to choose a per-matched blender for your compsot business, go to https://compostturnermachine.com/compost-mixer/

How to make cow dung powder products

Everywhere you can find cows, you can be certain of just one thing, there will also always cow manure. As beef and dairy farming intensified, industrialized and specialized, the need to find urgent solutions for cow dung environmental pollution problems became real. Because of this, many machines were inverted to turn cow dung into powder fertilizer.

Cattle and Cattle Waste
Cattle and Cattle Waste

Let’s take into account the fact than an average beef cattle unit produces around 10.5 a great deal of manure annually, plus an average dairy cow unit produces over 15.4 a great deal of manure annually. To get things into perspective, a city with 410,000 residents produces less waste when compared to a single dairy farm comprising 2,500 animals. Cow dung pollution is a huge global problem. In certain countries, pollution from cattle manure exceeds industrial pollution. Many individuals wrongly feel that animal waste is “natural” so it’s not dangerous, but that is certainly far from the truth.

Compost Made from Organic Waste
Compost Made from Organic Waste

Fortunately, cow dung can be changed into a great organic fertilizer powder. It includes each of the nutrients plants need to thrive and it’s rich in organic matter. The NPK profile of cow dung is 1% potassium, 4% nitrogen, and two% phosphorous. Other constitutes of cow dung besides micronutrients and organic matter are various enzymes and microorganisms. To be able to convert cow dung into fertilizer, specialized machines are often needed. The fertilizer produced can vastly improve soil structure and fertility. What’s more, the fertilizer can promote healthy microbial growth which will help prevent common root diseases and rot.

Cow manure is a good organic fertilizer, however if you put fresh cow dung onto the soil, the vast amounts of ammonia produced could cause a horrible odor and burn crops. Furthermore, unprocessed cow dung may be loaded with salt, based on the diet the cattle were fed, which happens to be not perfect for crop growth. To produce a nutritious fertilizer, cow dung needs to be composed. Natural fermentation of cow dung can take a long time, but fortunately, now there is a variety of modern composting machinery in the market designed to accelerate the procedure.

Cattle Farm
Cattle Farm

Cow dung must be fully fermented before it is used on agricultural soil. Otherwise, it is going to cause soil temperatures to increase, that may damage crop root systems. Furthermore, fresh cow dung is full of parasitic organisms and pathogens, which may be damaging towards the surrounding environment and water supplies.

To turn cow manure into a safe organic NPK powder fertilizer, it should be fully decomposed. The easiest method to compost cattle waste is to buy the best cow dung fertilizer machines, like self-propelled compost turners, hydraulic windrow turners, and dewatering machines.

High-grade NPK compound fertilizer is in high demand which is relatively cheap to create. By producing powder fertilizer from cow dung, you can help to handle the mounting global environmental pollution problems associated with mounting animal waste. What’s more, with all the right equipment, powder fertilizer might be processed further into granules or pellets. Granules are simpler to store and transport. Look into the latest granulation machines to perform your cow dung fertilizer production line.

Organic Fertilizer from Manure Disposal

With regards to increasing your overall manure management, there has been a series of new and improved technologies which are now being employed throughout the industry. In simple terms, these specialised tech solutions are now serving in order to even successfully reduce the pollution that is certainly created in water ways due to misused manure. However, to be able to properly implement these techniques, a series of management issues needs to be firstly applied. Our article enters into some important points for managing and selling manure.

Cow
Cow

Only if manure is effectively managed then the benefits of its use can be captured. This simply just implies that it is going to finally be easier to include it with farming systems while making sure the water pollution remains reduced or rather controlled. When biological decomposition occurs, some by-items are produced and as a result of techniques that manure is treated or perhaps stored, the by-products may also be controlled. This allows the farmer to produce a highly marketable product, in addition to manage the nutrients in the manure along with any odors.

Cattle and Cattle Waste
Cattle and Cattle Waste

Since microorganisms make the potentially profitable waste elements, it really is necessary to provide you with the perfect environment to allow them to thrive. So, if you carefully handle, treat or store your manure inside a desired environment, this encourages the microorganisms to make by-products which are good for you. Additionally, farmers may use biological manipulation to generate the perfect by-product based on their market.

If manure is mixed with a material that may be abundant in carbon as well as enough air, the manure may be easily converted into compost within a case where all the air has become eliminated and heat is added, you’ll have the ability to create biogas, in addition to a stable effluent. However, biologically manipulating your manure is a reasonably challenge with regards to the environment and frequently the type of animal plus the feed that they are fed along with a management system all play a huge role within the microbial activities that occur. Additionally, these activities are greatly affected by the solids content.

People that have a higher solids content are fantastic for undergoing aerobic activity. And if you’re employed to adding bedding along with water and even waste feed, this will likely also affect the microbial activity. Based on the pH values associated, this may also affect those who be involved in creating methane. And as we’ve said before, the meals intake also plays a crucial role in management since higher protein diets build a pretty intense odor.

When it comes to selling, probably the most recommended techniques for selling is usually to simply fill sizable bags and then sell to farmers. You’ll simply must collect the poop when it is fresh and add them to a trusty container for your manure to form. And so they even produce a pretty decent profit dependant upon the animal the manure has come from. However, in order to use the markets by storm, you’ll also have to put a little effort into how you will advertise your product don’t forget to get creative.

Since we conclude we have now just discussed many ways for managing your manure. And that we have likewise given some guidelines on how to produce a profit yourself. Remember, you ought to never apply fresh manure to fruits or vegetables that are eaten raw given that you can generate an E. coli outbreak!

How to make pellet organic fertilizer products?

The invention relates to the field of fertilizer preparation, in particular to a granular organic fertilizer and a preparation method thereof.

Background technology:

In recent years, the input of chemical fertilizer has increased greatly. Due to the single nutrient type, long-term application of chemical fertilizer can easily lead to unbalanced nutrients in soil and food, resulting in nutrient loss, pollution of the environment, and improper application will reduce the quality of agricultural products. Long-term large-scale application of chemical fertilizers will inhibit the activities of soil microorganisms, resulting in a decline in the ability of soil self-regulation. Therefore, although chemical fertilizers contain high single nutrients and use less, long-term application of chemical fertilizers is not advisable under the increasing attention to the needs of the living environment. Therefore, the development of organic fertilizers is of great importance. Significance.

Farm wastes – Ideal materials

Farmyard manure is the accumulation of pig manure, pig, cattle, sheep and other excrement and human excrement, and the organic fertilizer is accumulated. The source of farm manure is wider and its cost is lower. The nutrient content of farm manure is more comprehensive, its fertilizer efficiency is stable and lasting. In addition to nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, farm manure also contains calcium, magnesium, sulfur, iron and various trace elements, as well as some substances that can stimulate root growth and all kinds of beneficial soil microorganisms. Agricultural fertilizer can improve soil structure, which is rich in humic acid. It can promote the formation of soil aggregate structure, make the soil soft, improve the water and air conditions in the soil, which is conducive to the growth of root system. It can increase soil fertility and water retention performance, improve soil temperature, and promote beneficial microorganisms in the soil. The activity and reproduction of animals; the fertilizer efficiency of farm manure is long.

Hiddien weaknesses

However, most of the nutrients in unfermented and decomposed farm manure are organic or slow-acting, which can not be directly absorbed and utilized by crops. Only when they are decomposed into quick-acting state can they be absorbed and utilized by crops. Therefore, direct application of unfermented farm manure will slow down the efficiency of farm manure. Moreover, the organic fertilizer obtained by direct fermentation has higher moisture content and is not easy to preserve.

Technological implementation elements:

Based on the technical problems existing in the background technology, the invention provides a granular organic fertilizer and a preparation method thereof.

The invention provides a granular organic fertilizer, whose raw materials include 25-30 portions of pig manure, 10-15 portions of chicken manure, 10-15 portions of cow manure, 10-15 portions of bagasse, 20-25 portions of corn straw, 7-13 portions of corncob, 10-15 portions of pond mud, 3-5 portions of beeswax and 1-3 portions of microbial fungicide.

Preferably, microbial agents include Lactobacillus fermentans, Bacillus subtilis and Candida prion-producing bacteria.

Optimally, the content of Lactobacillus fermentans, Bacillus subtilis and Candida prion-producing yeasts in microbial agents was 1 X108-3 X108 cfu/g, 3 X107-5 X107 cfu/g and 1 X107-3 X107 cfu/g respectively.

Preferably, the pond mud is the bottom sludge of lotus root culture pond, and the water content is controlled at 40-50%.

The invention provides a preparation method of the granular organic fertilizer, which comprises the following steps:

S1. According to the proportion of raw materials, microbial agents were divided into two groups: group A microbial agents and group B microbial agents.

S2. Corn stalk powder and corncob powder were obtained by crushing corn stalk and corncob separately. Corn stalk powder was divided into two groups, namely group C corn stalk powder and group D corn stalk powder.

S3. Mix all corncob meal and C group cornstalk meal from pig manure, chicken manure, cow manure, bagasse and S2 evenly, then add A group microbial agent, mix evenly, and get fermentation substrate.

4. Put the fermentation substrates from S3 into the fermentation tank for the first stage of fermentation, add group B microbial agents, mix evenly, and ferment in the second stage to obtain the fermentation products.

S5. Mix the fermentation product from S4 with group D corn straw powder and pond mud evenly, raise the temperature to 60-70 C by heating, add melted beeswax, mix evenly, granulate and dry to get granular organic fertilizer.

Preferably, the weight ratio of group A microbial agent and group B microbial agent is 3-4:1.

Optimally, the particle sizes of corn straw powder and corncob powder in S2 were 10-20 meshes.

Optimally, the weight ratio of group C corn straw powder to group D corn straw powder was 0.5-0.8:1.

Optimally, the temperature of the first stage fermentation in S4 is 36-40 C and the time is 2-4 days.

Optimally, the temperature of the second stage fermentation in S4 is 32-36 C and the time is 8-12 days.

Preferably, the drying temperature in S5 is 50-70 C, and the moisture content is less than 2%.

Optimally, the particle size of granular organic fertilizer in S5 is 3-5 mm.

The granular organic fertilizer provided by the invention is fermented by pig manure, chicken manure, cow manure, bagasse, wheat straw and corncob, and is made into granular form by adding pond mud and beeswax, which has strong fertility and durable fertility, and can effectively improve soil, alleviate soil hardening and improve soil structure; after being used as base fertilizer before sowing, it can be applied to Zhuang village. Crops play an important role in strengthening seedlings and increasing yields.

By adding microbial agents, controlling the species, quantity, fermentation temperature and time of microbial strains, the fermentation substrates such as pig manure, cow manure and chicken manure can be fully fermented, and the macromolecular organic substances can be converted into small molecular substances that can be absorbed by plants with strong fertility. Fermentation products were mixed with pond mud, wheat straw powder and beeswax to form granular fertilizer, which was convenient for preservation and application. Pond mud is rich in nutrients and microorganisms, and it is a high-quality fertilizer. Beeswax plays a binding role. The prepared feed particles are compact and not easy to loosen. Beeswax is a natural substance secreted by bees, which can be decomposed in nature. Compared with chemical binders, beeswax is more green and environmentally friendly.

The raw materials of the invention are all from natural waste resources, so there are no side effects on crops, effectively solving the problem of farming and fertilization, reducing farmer’s planting cost and improving farmer’s income.

Specific implementation methods

Next, the technical scheme of the invention is described in detail by means of specific embodiments.

Experiments Cases 1

The invention provides a granular organic fertilizer, whose raw materials include 28 pig manure, 13 chicken manure, 11 cow manure, 14 bagasse, 23 corn straw, 9 corncob, 12 pond mud, 3.3 beeswax and 2.7 microbial agents by weight.

Microbial agents include Lactobacillus fermentans, Bacillus subtilis and Candida utilis. The contents of Lactobacillus fermentans, Bacillus subtilis and Candida prion-producing yeast in microbial agents were 1.9 *108 cfu/g, 3.2 *107 cfu/g and 2.3 *107 cfu/g respectively.

The pond sludge is the bottom sludge of lotus root aquaculture pond with water content of 43%.

Experiments Cases 2

The invention provides a granular organic fertilizer, whose raw materials include: pig manure 27, chicken manure 12, cow manure 13, bagasse 12, corn straw 24, corn cob 11, pond mud 14, beeswax 4.8, microbial agent 2.1.

Microbial agents include Lactobacillus fermentans, Bacillus subtilis and Candida utilis. The contents of Lactobacillus fermentans, Bacillus subtilis and Candida prion-producing yeast in microbial agents were 1.4 *108 cfu/g, 4.2 *107 cfu/g and 2.8 *107 cfu/g respectively.

The pond mud is the bottom sludge of lotus root aquaculture pond with water content of 46%.

Experiments Cases 3

The invention provides a granular organic fertilizer, whose raw materials include 26 pieces of pig manure, 14 pieces of chicken manure, 12 pieces of cow manure, 12 pieces of bagasse, 21 pieces of corn straw, 10 pieces of corncob, 13 pieces of pond mud, 4.2 pieces of beeswax, and 1.4 pieces of microbial agent by weight.

Microbial agents include Lactobacillus fermentans, Bacillus subtilis and Candida utilis. The contents of Lactobacillus fermentans, Bacillus subtilis and Candida prion-producing yeast in microbial agents were 2.6 *108 cfu/g, 4.7 *107 cfu/g and 1.3 *107 cfu/g respectively.

The pond mud is the bottom sludge of lotus root culture pond with water content of 48%.

Experiments Cases 4

The invention provides a preparation method of granular organic fertilizer, which comprises the following steps:

S1. Various raw materials are weighed according to the first embodiment. Microbial agents are divided into two groups: group A microbial agents and group B microbial agents. The weight ratio of group A microbial agents and group B microbial agents is 3.4:1.

S2. Corn stalk and corncob were crushed to obtain 14-mesh corn stalk powder and 18-mesh corn cob powder respectively. Corn stalk powder was divided into two groups: group C corn stalk powder and group D corn stalk powder. The weight ratio of group C corn stalk powder and group D corn stalk powder was 0.7:1.

S3. Mix all corncob meal and C group cornstalk meal from pig manure, chicken manure, cow manure, bagasse and S2 evenly, then add A group microbial agent, mix evenly, and get fermentation substrate.

4. Put the fermentation substrate from S3 into the fermentation tank for the first stage fermentation. The temperature of the first stage fermentation is 39 C, and the fermentation time is 2.5 days. Add group B microbial agent, mix evenly and carry out the second stage fermentation. The temperature of the second stage fermentation is 34 C, and the fermentation time is 9 days. The fermentation product is obtained.

S5. Mix the fermentation product from S4 with group D corn straw powder and pond mud evenly, raise the temperature to 68 C by heating, add melted beeswax, mix evenly, and import it into the drum granulator for granulation. Dry at 55 C until the moisture content is 1.8%. The granular organic fertilizer with particle size of 4mm is obtained.

Experiments Cases 5

The invention provides a preparation method of granular organic fertilizer, which comprises the following steps:

S1. Various raw materials were weighed according to the second embodiment. Microbial agents were divided into two groups: group A microbial agents and group B microbial agents. The weight ratio of group A microbial agents and group B microbial agents was 3.2:1.

S2. Corn straw and corncob were crushed to obtain 18-objective corn straw powder and 12-objective corn cob powder respectively. Corn straw powder was divided into two groups: group C corn straw powder and group D corn straw powder. The weight ratio of group C corn straw powder and group D corn straw powder was 0.6:1.

S3. Mix all corncob meal and C group cornstalk meal from pig manure, chicken manure, cow manure, bagasse and S2 evenly, then add A group microbial agent, mix evenly, and get fermentation substrate.

4. Put the fermentation substrate from S 3 into the fermentation tank for the first stage fermentation. The temperature of the first stage fermentation is 37 C and the fermentation time is 3.5 days. Add group B microbial agent, mix evenly and carry out the second stage fermentation. The second stage fermentation temperature is 35 C and the fermentation time is 10 days. The fermentation product is obtained.

S5. Mix the fermentation product from S4 with group D corn straw powder and pond mud evenly, raise the temperature to 66 C by heating, add melted beeswax, mix evenly, and import it into the drum granulator for granulation. Dry at 65 C until the moisture content is 1.7%. The granular organic fertilizer with particle size of 3 mm is obtained.

Experiments Cases 6

The invention provides a preparation method of granular organic fertilizer, which comprises the following steps:

S1. Various raw materials are weighed according to the third embodiment. Microbial agents are divided into two groups: group A microbial agents and group B microbial agents. The weight ratio of group A microbial agents and group B microbial agents is 3.7:1.

S2. Corn straw and corncob were crushed separately to obtain 16-objective corn straw powder and 16-objective corn cob powder. Corn straw powder was divided into two groups: group C corn straw powder and group D corn straw powder. The weight ratio of group C corn straw powder and group D corn straw powder was 0.8:1.

S3. Mix all corncob meal and C group cornstalk meal from pig manure, chicken manure, cow manure, bagasse and S2 evenly, then add A group microbial agent, mix evenly, and get fermentation substrate.

4. Put the fermentation substrate from S 3 into the fermentation tank for the first stage fermentation. The temperature of the first stage fermentation is 38 for 3 days, add group B microbial agents, mix evenly, and carry out the second stage fermentation. The second stage fermentation temperature is 33 and fermentation lasts 11 days to obtain the fermentation products.

S5. Mix the fermentation product from S4 with group D corn straw powder and pond mud evenly, raise the temperature to 64 C by heating, add melted beeswax, mix evenly, and import it into the drum granulator for granulation. Dry at 63 C until the moisture content is 1.8%. The granular organic fertilizer with 5 mm particle size is obtained. As mentioned above, only the better specific embodiments of the present invention are provided, but the scope of protection of the present invention is not limited thereto. Within the scope of the disclosed technology of the present invention, the protection of the present invention shall be covered by any technician familiar with the technical field who equally replaces or changes the technical scheme according to the present invention and its inventive conception. It is within the scope of protection.

How much Nutrients can Manure Provide?

Fertilizer, regardless of whether new, old, or manure being composted, is frequently pronounced to be a key part of maintainable farming. In innumerable preliminaries, analysts have discovered different advantages of fertilizer application , thus excrement use is advanced as an answer in dialogs of supportable horticulture subjects including: soil richness, soil wellbeing, natural cultivating, regenerative cultivating, carbon sequestration, and inexhaustible assets.

In any case, I have questions. Not about the genuine spreading of fertilizer, or figuring application rates, yet about excrement’s job in continuing farming. Is excrement a manageable wellspring of supplements? Is compost an economical natural soil change, ready to manufacture soil natural issue, store carbon in the dirt, thus help with decreasing ozone harming substances? When is excrement application a reasonable practice? Before application, you can use composting to deal with animal manure , so as to improve utilization value.

In my next couple of posts, I will respond to these inquiries with the expectation of discovering excrement’s actual job in supporting farming. To begin with, we should take a gander at the supplement providing capability of compost. Everything begins with making sense of where fertilizer originates from.

Where does fertilizer originate from?

Manure from cows, sheep, swine and poultry, isn’t that so? Well indeed, however domesticated animals are not the wellspring of the materials in fertilizer. Those materials originate from “essential makers” as researchers consider those creatures that produce “biomass” from inorganic mixes. Biomass is the stuff that living beings are made of. Our biomass is fragile living creature and bones and blood, however we, similar to animals, are not essential makers. We and they set up together our biomass from different biomass, our sustenance. Also, we both get our sustenance from plants. Plants are essential makers since they don’t live on the biomass of different life forms. They get vitality from daylight and from it produce biomass.

Here’s the procedure. Daylight falls on plants, which change light vitality into profitable feed, which ranchers collect and transport to domesticated animals who eat it and produce fertilizer. Fertilizer, at that point, originates from plants, explicitly from harvests developed on fields. In spite of the fact that the feed (crop biomass) is changed as it experiences animals – microbes and different living beings are included, some sloughing of domesticated animals tissue happens – everything in fertilizer is gotten from the feed. This is significant in light of the fact that it implies that excrement generation is attached legitimately to trim creation.

What amount of excrement would we be able to deliver?

To ascertain the compost created per section of land, we have to know one thing about this procedure. What are the misfortunes? Between the harvest in field and compost on the ground, the greatest misfortune is to the animals themselves. Some misfortune goes to delivering steaks, chicken bosoms, or sausage, the rest to giving the fundamental vitality needs of living creatures. There are likewise misfortunes at gather, in vehicle, and misfortunes in recuperating the compost (accumulation and transport).

Here are the misfortunes from field to domesticated animals and back to handle (percent of starting dry solids lost):

57-81% among feed and new, discharged fertilizer

4-8% lost in gathering and transport (10-40% of discharged fertilizer, NRCS 1995)

It isn’t simply natural issue that is lost, supplements are likewise lost, however we’ll get to that.

From a harvest in a field to the excrement being connected to a field, the all out loss of dry issue is 61-89%, alongside the related supplements. Presently we can begin with a feed harvest yield, apply the misfortunes above, and discover the measure of excrement created per section of land.

In a feedlot, chicken or swine farm, or in a kept dairy, domesticated animals apportions are blends of grains, vegetables (for the most part soybeans), and rummage (feed and silage). They all end up as excrement, and that compost is connected some place, so we can rearrange this by taking a gander at only one yield. Corn (and corn silage, see most ideal situation underneath) is a decent one since it is developed in numerous pieces of the nation, primarily for feed, and makes up an enormous piece of numerous animals proportions.

Here are the subsequent numbers:

Low situation: 1.6 tons compost per section of land

The low situation utilizes the normal US corn yield of 174 bu./air conditioning, sustained to meat for completing, with 70% misfortune to domesticated animals, a 15% misfortune in excrement recuperation, and fertilizer at 33% dampness.

High situation: 5.7 tons excrement per section of land

The high situation utilizes 30 ton/air conditioning corn silage yield at 65% dampness, bolstered to creating dairy cows, with a 57% misfortune to domesticated animals, a 20% misfortune in excrement recuperation, and compost at 33% dampness.

What is OFP?

What is organic fertilizer products?


Carbon-containing materials, mainly from plants and/or animals, are applied to the soil to provide plant nutrition as its main function. Processed from biomass, animal and plant waste and plant residue, it eliminates toxic and harmful substances, and is rich in a large number of beneficial substances, including a variety of organic acids, peptides and rich nutrients including nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. It not only provides comprehensive nutrition for crops, but also has long fertilizer efficiency. It can increase and renew soil organic matter, promote microbial reproduction, improve soil physical and chemical properties and biological activity. It is the main nutrient in green food production.

New Industrial Standards for Organic Fertilizers

History


In Roman times, farmers found that when they planted cereals in fields where legumes were grown, their yields increased. Therefore, they noticed that bacteria could enrich the nutrients in agricultural soils. Until the 19th century, alfalfa growers in Germany and some soybean growers in the United States used the soil of alfalfa or soybean fields to transfer inoculation to new farmlands, thus increasing crop yields.

In 1838, J.B. Boussingault, a French agricultural chemist, discovered that legumes fix nitrogen. The first agricultural test station was established in 1843, and the yield and components of various crop rotation systems were analyzed accurately.


From 1886 to 1888, H. Hellriegal, a German scientist, proved that leguminous plants could fix nitrogen in the atmosphere only by forming rhizobium.

In 1888, M. W. Beijerinck, a Dutch scholar, isolated rhizobium, which was a breakthrough in microbial fertilizer. It is now clear that it is the role of rhizobia. The discovery of these bacteria prompted the first American company, Natel, to produce and sell soil bacterial inoculants in 1898. Since then, many bacterial preparations have been used for seed dressing and coating of soil and crop seeds.


In the 1920s, some new microbial agents were used in field soils and crops, but their effects were not satisfactory.

In the 1940s, the United States Department of Agriculture issued a biopesticide license. So far, more than 20 different microbial products have been used for this purpose.


In 1937, Krasinikov and Missouskin, Soviet microbiologists, developed the Nitrogen Fixation Bacteria Agent. Thus, it pioneered the bacterial fertilizer. For various reasons, the large-scale production of this kind of microbial fertilizer has been stopped successively.

Around 1940, a bio-fertilizer, mainly cyanobacteria (algae), was developed for paddy fields in Asia. It still plays an important role in sustainable agriculture.

Recent poblems met in the industry


Regardless of the history of biofertilizers, microbial agents continue to advance. Since the 1980s, people have paid great attention to biological fertilizers for environment and crops. The reason is that these products can effectively solve some problems, especially pollution-free and environmental pollution. Therefore, it is very difficult to develop a kind of fertilizer with the function of eliminating environmental pollution.

Thetop 4 culties lie in:

(1) a microorganism has the function of providing plant nutrition (such as nitrogen-fixing genes), but not necessarily the ability to decompose pollution (that is, decompose substance genes). Gene transfer is very difficult and requires huge investment.

(2) There are many kinds of soil pollutants, more than 105 kinds of substances have polluted the environment. These pollutants differ in structure and chemical composition, so it is impossible to mix 105 microorganisms together to make preparations. Gene transfer is more difficult to achieve;

(3) The principles and strains of biopesticides and bio-herbicides are very different, and in principle they are one kind of fungus. So it can only be made into a single bacterium agent. And it takes a long time to play its role.

(4) Some microbial agents in bio-fertilizers are not typical soil microorganisms. When the microbial agents are applied to the soil, they are difficult to survive, and usually can only maintain shelf life for three months before use.

Definition


Farmhouse manure, commonly known as farm manure, consists of various animal, plant residues or metabolites, such as human and animal manure, straw, animal residues, slaughterhouse waste, etc.


In addition, it also includes cake fertilizer (rapeseed cake, cottonseed cake, bean cake, sesame cake, castor cake, tea seed cake, etc.); composting; fertilizer retting; stables manure; biogas manure; green manure, etc.
It is mainly by supplying organic matter to improve soil physical and chemical properties and promote plant growth and soil ecosystem cycle.

Part of “Organic Fertilizer in Broad Sense” Varieties:


Composting: A kind of fertilizer made from various kinds of orange stalks, deciduous leaves, grass, animal and plant residues, human and animal manure, which are mixed in proportion with each other or mixed with a small amount of soil for aerobic fermentation and decomposition.


Fertilizer: Fertilizer is produced by fermentation under submerged conditions, using the same raw materials as compost.


Barnyard manure: fertilizer made from pig and cattle, horses, sheep, chickens, ducks and other livestock and poultry waste and straw padding.


Biogas Fertilizer: In sealed biogas digesters, organic matter decomposes to produce by-products of biogas, including biogas liquor and residue.


Green manure: The use of cultivated or wild green plants as fertilizers. Such as mung beans, broad beans, sweet clover, sesbania, alfalfa, vetch and so on. Non-leguminous green manure includes ryegrass, fertile radish, sunflower, Manjiang red, water hyacinth, water peanut and so on.


Crop straw: Crop straw is one of the important fertilizer varieties. Crop straw contains N, P, K, Ca, s and other nutrients necessary for crops.
Under suitable conditions, these elements are mineralized and then returned to the soil through the action of soil microorganisms, so that they can be absorbed and utilized by crops.