How to make organic fertilizer from cocoa waste?

In the process of cocoa bean processing, there are a lot of wastes, such as bean shell, seed coat, seed embryo and so on. These wastes are treated and have certain use value. Cocoa waste is mainly bean shell, which contains more protein and fiber, and can be used as feed or organic fertilizer.
Bode shell is rich in nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Because the cocoa tree needs more potassium and the content of potassium carbonate in the bean shell is high, the bean shell is very suitable for the production of organic fertilizer raw materials.

Compost Making
Compost Making

Cocoa seed coating is also suitable for use as organic fertilizer. Fertilizer made from seed coating can reduce the viscosity of the soil and play the role of humus and humus. Seed coat is not easy to decompose. In the fermentation of organic fertilizer, seed coating needs to be pretreated, crushed into small pieces, and then composted for fermentation.
The production of organic fertilizer from cocoa waste can be divided into two stages: composting fermentation and organic fertilizer production equipment processing.

Fermentation composting of cocoa waste

The weight of bean shell accounts for a large part of the weight of cocoa fruit itself. After the cocoa beans are removed, the shells are usually discarded in situ. Pod shells are of great value. Therefore, the proximity principle should be adopted in the selection of organic fertilizer production site to facilitate the fermentation of raw materials.

Cocoa processing waste (bean shell, seed coat) is put into fermentation tank, and animal manure such as chicken manure, pig manure and cow manure are all added with regulating raw materials. After high temperature fermentation, harmful bacteria are killed.

Processing cocoa compost with organic fertilizer production equipment
Fermentation compost is produced into fertilizer products by the industrial processing of organic fertilizer production equipment. The basic fertilizer equipment for cocoa composting processing includes fertilizer crusher, mixer, organic fertilizer granulator, rotary dryer, rotary cooler and packaging machine. Different fertilizer products can be produced by different processing technologies.

BB Fertilizer Basis

Bulk mixed fertilizer, also known as BB fertilizer, is composed of two or two or two kinds of high concentration raw material fertilizers with larger particle size, which are mixed in a certain proportion according to the needs of users.

The appearance of this fertilizer seems to be uneven, but its nutrients are actually equivalent to other compound fertilizers. In the production of bulk mixed fertilizer, all raw material fertilizers must be granular, and the particle size is basically similar, so as to prevent the aggregation of the same particle in the production, storage, transportation and use of the mixed fertilizer, and produce a single fertilizer effect.

Application of bulk mixed fertilizer

The formula of bulk mixed fertilizer can be adjusted flexibly, especially suitable for areas with large land area, complex soil types and many crop types. It is widely used in developed countries in the United States, accounting for about 40% of the total consumption of chemical fertilizer.

BB Fertilizer Production Line

Raw materials of bulk mixed fertilizer

Like other compound fertilizers, bulk mixed fertilizers have three grades: high, medium and low. The raw materials used are urea, ammonium nitrate, ammonium chloride, ammonium bicarbonate, super calcium phosphate, monoammonium phosphate, diammonium phosphate, phosphate, potassium chloride and potassium sulfate.

Bulk Fertilizer Blender 

Fertilizer granulation production line processes different types of fertilizer granules. Various granular products are processed by fertilizer granulation production line and mixed into different types of special mixed fertilizers by bulk fertilizer mixer. The bulk fertilizer mixer includes multiple silo batching systems, bulk mixed fertilizer mixer and packaging machine. BB fertilizer mixer is the main equipment for producing this fertilizer. It is evenly mixed with different granular fertilizers to ensure the efficiency of fertilizer.

Defects of bulk mixed fertilizer

BB fertilizer has different varieties and different raw materials, resulting in different physical and chemical properties of BB fertilizer, such as uneven particle size and short storage time. Different chemical reactions take place between the mixed fertilizer materials, which makes some finished products easy to dissolve and even become the mud in the packaging bags, thus affecting the fertilizer efficiency. How to make quality BB fertilizer? Welcome go to https://www.fertilizermachinesale.com/bulk-blending-fertilizer-production/

Slow Release Fertilizer Production Process

Slow release controlled fertilizers release nutrients slowly in the soil to meet the nutrient requirements of the whole crop growth period. In the process of NPK fertilizer production, slow release and control of fertilizer are realized by granulation and coating.

Slow release fertilizer means that the release rate of available nutrients in plants is lower than that of fast fertilizer after fertilization in soil. Controlled release fertilizer refers to the regulation of nutrient release according to the set release mode and nutrient absorption law of crops. Release not only refers to the release period of fertilizer, but also refers to the release rate of nutrients in fertilizer, which conforms to the law of crop fertilizer demand.


Ideally, controlled release fertilizer can artificially control the supply and release rate of nutrients according to the nutrient requirements of different stages of crop growth. That is to say, nutrients can be released when crops need them and retained in the soil when they are not needed, so that a single application can meet all stages of crop growth.

NPK fertilizer production line processing slow release controlled fertilizer
NPK fertilizer production line can slow release and control fertilizer through fluidization treatment. The main production processes are: batch processing, mixing, granulation, drying, cooling, screening, coating, packaging. Fertilizer granulator is the key to slow release and control fertilizer processing. It determines the size, shape and hardness of fertilizer particles. Fertilizer granulator determines the appearance of the product, and the physical shape of the product also affects the fertilizer effect.

Rotary drum granulator is usually used for slow release and controlled fertilizer production for granulation. The roller granulator has the advantages of large production capacity, low production cost and spherical particles meet the production requirements of slow release fertilizer. The final stage of NPK fertilizer production and processing is coating. After particle coating, it becomes slow release fertilizer.

How to produce the best fertilizer with pan granulation

In the process of using organic fertilizer production equipment, if the safety in the operation process is strictly observed, the granulation rate will be effectively increased, the energy consumption will be reduced, and the service life of the equipment will be extended. Therefore, from the following aspects, we can adjust the pan granulator to make the fertilizer production reach the optimal state.

1. Strictly control the powder quality

(1) It is strictly forbidden to have iron block, stone larger than 10 mm and wood block larger than 10 mm in raw material discharge and supply of fertilizer production line. Rice bran and sand can not exceed the quality index, too much will cause the low output of the pan granulator.
(2) According to the formula of NK compound fertilizer, the quality of chemical fertilizer and other raw materials should be strictly controlled.

2. Transform the new blade in the CD

The blade of disc granulator is good, and the particle size is uniform and beautiful. The blade is divided into front blade and rear blade, and there is no gap between the two blades.

3. The main technical key of operating the disc granulator

(1) Do a good job in the technical training of personnel before operation, improve the technical quality and operation skills of the staff.
(2) The particle size of compound fertilizer is 70-90 mesh.

4. Select and adjust the nozzle of disc granulator

(1) The working mechanism of nozzle must be mastered when selecting nozzle

According to the hydrodynamics, it is proved that the bigger the pressure is, the smaller the through hole is and the larger the droplet diffusion surface is. At the same pressure, the spray hole is small, the droplet density is small, the spray hole is large, and the droplet density is high.

(2) How to choose the model and specification of nozzle

The smaller (or larger) the feed droplet and the smaller (or larger) the particle size, the lower (or higher) the yield of the fertilizer production line.
The denser (or thinner) the droplets, the higher (or lower) the output of the droplets they make (or smaller).

Why people prefer to make organic fertilizer rather than chemical ones?

Chemical fertilizer has a rapid action and exists in various forms such as liquid and particle. Fertilizer is water-soluble, and plants can absorb nutrients immediately. Although this provides a quick nutrition and fast greening, it will never last. Only organic fertilizer can keep plants growing.
Chemical fertilizer can promote plant growth, but it has little effect on stimulating soil life, improving soil texture and improving long-term soil fertility. They can go into the water, but quick results come at a cost, too much use can burn your lawn and crops.

Organic Fertilizer Production Line

Because the nutrient of single chemical fertilizer is too simple to be suitable for crop growth, compound fertilizer is diversified at present. Most fertilizer plants use a pan type fertilizer granulator to process all the powder into granules.

Agricultural fertilizer

What is organic fertilizer

Organic fertilizer is great for plants and soil. If used properly, it will not burn or damage plants. Organic fertilizer stimulates soil microorganism and improves soil structure. Soil microorganisms play an important role in transforming organic fertilizers into soluble nutrients that can be absorbed by plants. Organic fertilizers usually provide secondary and micronutrient requirements, but not in synthetic fertilizers.

Whant to know how is npk fertilizer produced? Go here for more.

NPK Fertilizer Production Plant

The content of N, P and K in organic fertilizer is lower than that in chemical fertilizer, but it can prolong soil fertility. Therefore, the effect of organic fertilizer on plants is usually more subtle. It may take a while to see the results, but the payoff is that plants take a long time to get nutrients and the soil maintains its fertility.

After fermentation treatment, the organic waste is treated by crusher, organic fertilizer granulator and drum dryer to become organic fertilizer.
With the continuous development of science and technology, pure chemical fertilizer and organic fertilizer are difficult to fully meet the actual growth requirements of different soil crops. Therefore, it is necessary for chemical fertilizer plants to use fertilizer granulator to produce various types of organic fertilizer compound fertilizer to improve soil quality, reduce environmental pollution and improve fertilizer efficiency. Detailed info on organic fertilizer production process, welcome go to https://organicfertilizerplants.com/organic-fertilizer-production-process/

How to make compound fertilizer

Compound biological fertilizer can be used in many fields, such as food, economy, fruits and vegetables.

1. Compound fertilizer can be used as basic fertilizer and top loading fertilizer. A compound biological fertilizer of 1-2 kg per mu is mixed with agricultural fertilizer, fertilizer or fine soil, and then applied to ditches, holes or spray.

2. Trenching and hole application of compound biological fertilizer. The young trees were fed in a circular ditch, 200 g compound bio fertilizer per tree, and 500-1000 g compound biological fertilizer for each tree, which could be mixed with fertilizer or soil.

3. The root was soaked and irrigated with compound biological fertilizer. Add 1-2kg compound biological fertilizer per mu, add 3-4 times of water, soak in the root during the process of crop transplantation, or irrigate the root after transplanting.

4. Mix the compound biological fertilizer into the seed soil. Each square meter of sown soil is mixed with 200-300 grams of compound biological fertilizer before sowing.

5. Adding compound biological fertilizer to potted garden plants. For flower lawn, 10-15 g / kg potted soil can be used as surface fertilizer or basic fertilizer.

6. According to different crops, 1-2kg compound biological fertilizer is mixed with chemical fertilizer per mu, then diluted with appropriate amount of water, and then irrigated with water.

7. Spray compound biological fertilizer on the leaves. Leaf spray should be done at about 500 times dilution or according to the instructions.
Compound fertilizer

Want to know how to make compund fertilizer for your plants, welcome to https://organicfertilizermachines.com/npk-compound-fertilizer-granulation-equipment/

Notes on Application of compound fertilizer

1. Compound biological fertilizer should not be mixed with fungicides and herbicides, and the interval of each application must be more than 7 days.
2. It applies compound biological fertilizer after rain or irrigation, shake it before application, and use it immediately after it is ready.
3. The compound biological fertilizer should be stored in a cool and dry place instead of directly on the ground.

Why can bio organic fertilizer promote crop production

Beneficial microorganisms in bio organic fertilizers can propagate in large quantities in soil, form dominant populations, occupy root sites, resist or inhibit the growth and reproduction of other harmful microorganisms (such as pathogenic microorganisms), so as to reduce their chances of infecting crop root layer. Functional bacteria can improve the soil fertility. For example, nitrogen fixing microorganisms can increase the nitrogen source in the soil.

Phosphorus dissolving and potassium dissolving microorganisms can decompose insoluble phosphorus and potassium in soil and make crops absorb and utilize them. Many microbial strains can produce beneficial metabolites, such as vitamins, amino acids, nucleic acids, formic acid, soybeans and other physiological active substances, which can stimulate the growth of crops and enhance the resistance of crops to diseases and stress.

Bio organic fertilizer is rich in nutrients, including amino acids, protein, carbohydrate, fat and other organic components and N, P, K, CA, Mg, s, Fe, Mn, Cu and other elements. These nutrients can not only be directly absorbed and utilized by crops, but also can effectively improve soil fertility, water retention, buffer and supply conditions, providing a good growth environment for crops.

Compared with other fertilizers, bio organic fertilizer not only contains more complete nutrients and functional microbial agents, but also helps to release potential nutrients in soil and promote the proliferation of beneficial microorganisms in crop nitrogen layer.

It also has the advantages of high bioavailability, long action cycle, low cost and no harm to soil and environment. Long term use of bio organic fertilizer can effectively improve the soil, improve the soil fertility, regulate the micro ecological balance of soil and stratum, and improve the disease resistance and insect pests of crops and the quality of crop products.

Equipment and technology of bio organic fertilizer
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