How to appy bio fertilizer products?

The application of organic fertilizer can improve the soil structure, but its effective nutrient content is low and the fertilizer efficiency is slow. Biological fertilizer can enhance soil fertility, stress resistance and disease resistance, but the biological fertilizer itself does not contain nutrients.

According to the advantages and disadvantages of chemical fertilizer, traditional organic fertilizer and biological fertilizer. Zhengzhou SX chemical fertilizer plant has developed a new type of compound biological fertilizer, which has the functions of biological bacteria activating soil and transforming soil nutrients. We also designed the production method of biological fertilizer.

Benefits of applying biological fertilizer

Biological fertilizer has the characteristics of organic fertilization, soil improvement and rapid effect of inorganic nutrients, which can improve crop quality.

2. Biological fertilizer can increase the nutrient content of nitrogen, organic matter, soluble phosphorus and soluble potassium in soil, increase the number and quantity of beneficial microorganisms in soil, and enhance the function of disease resistance, drought resistance and metabolism of crops.

3. Biological fertilizer has a positive effect on increasing crop yield, improving crop quality and increasing agricultural economic income.

Production technology of pellet bio fertilizer

Due to the advantages of powder fertilizer, such as convenient agglomeration, uneven volume, unfavorable mechanized application, inconvenient transportation and storage, and serious use of biological fertilizer, granulation of biological fertilizer is an urgent need in actual production. The pan type fertilizer granulator is more suitable for the production of biological fertilizer.

Production of biological fertilizer with Pan fertilizer granulator

The effects of production formula, grinding fineness and water content of powdered fertilizer on granulation effect of compound biological fertilizer were studied. The fermented organic fertilizer was crushed and screened, and then mixed evenly with a certain proportion of inorganic fertilizer, and granulated by a pan fertilizer granulator. The pan type fertilizer granulator is equipped with spraying device, which can evenly add water to the material. In the process of biological fertilizer production, granulation is carried out according to the appropriate parameters, so as to improve the production efficiency.

Biological fertilizer granules are dried and screened to obtain the fertilizer we need.

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Fertilizer Application Methods

Ammonium bicarbonate and diammonium phosphate are commonly used fertilizers in agriculture, which are processed by fertilizer production line. So, what is the key point of fertilization technology?

Ammonium bicarbonate

The nitrogen content of ammonium bicarbonate is about 17%, which is the lowest in solid nitrogen fertilizer. The moisture content of ammonium bicarbonate is generally 5% – 6%, and it is easy to deacidify and combine with acid. When the temperature is lower than 20 ° C, when the temperature is slightly higher or the moisture content in the product exceeds a certain standard, ammonium bicarbonate will decompose into ammonia and carbon dioxide, resulting in the loss of nitrogen fertilizer efficiency. It is a physiologically neutral available nitrogen fertilizer, which is suitable for various crops and soils, and can be used as basic fertilizer and top fertilizer. Therefore, it is also used as raw materials and other nutrients, and processed into other special fertilizers in batch through a pan granulator.

It can be used as fertilizer for ditch bottom. If it can be combined with the depth application of cultivated land, the effect will be better. However, it should be noted that the depth of application should be greater than 6cm (sandy soil can be deeper), and the soil should be covered immediately after application. Only in this way can nitrogen loss be reduced. When ammonium bicarbonate is used as a coat, the dry land can combine with the intermediate. The depth of application should be less than 2 inches. The soil should be covered immediately and watered in time. The paddy field should be kept about 1 inch shallow water layer, but not too shallow, otherwise it is easy to damage the roots. After application, plough in time to promote the absorption of fertilizer by soil.

When ammonium bicarbonate is used as a coat, it is important to remember not to apply it after rain or before dew dries. Ammonium bicarbonate, whether used as basic fertilizer or surface treatment, should not be sprayed on the soil surface to prevent nitrogen volatilization, nitrogen loss or damage to crops. At the same time, avoid high temperature season and high temperature period, and try to apply it in the season with temperature lower than 20 ° C.

Application of common fertilizer

Diammonium phosphate

Diammonium phosphate is a kind of fast fertilizer with high concentration, which is suitable for all kinds of crops and soil, especially for ammonium, phosphorus and other crops. It is suitable for basic fertilizer. If used as a top coat, it should be applied as early as possible before covering the soil with a depth of 10 cm. It should not be too close to the crops to avoid burning them. When used as seed fertilizer, it should not be in direct contact with the seed. Do not apply diammonium phosphate in water, otherwise most of its nitrogen will remain on the ground surface and should not be mixed with alkaline fertilizers (such as plant ash and lime) to prevent nitrogen volatilization and reduce the availability of phosphorus. We can also use NPK fertilizer granulator to further process high quality compound fertilizer.

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Fertilizer Application Basis

Organic fertilizer is rich in resources, including not only manure, straw, green manure, soil fertilizer, fertilizer, but also cake fertilizer, sea fertilizer and biogas. The results showed that the combined application of organic and inorganic fertilizers could promote the recycling of soil nutrients, increase crop yield, improve the quality of agricultural products, accelerate the harmless utilization of organic wastes and resource utilization, which is the fundamental guarantee of sustainable agricultural development. The industrial fertilizer production line also processes organic fertilizer and NPK fertilizer in proportion. So, how should organic fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer be used together?

Organic fertilizer / inorganic fertilizer

1. Fertilize less frequently. Nitrate nitrogen and ammonium nitrogen in the compound fertilizer will absorb part of the heat in the process of dissolving, which will affect the ground temperature and adversely affect the growth of crop roots. However, the normal growth of crops still needs adequate nutrient supply. Therefore, the compound fertilizer should be applied less in winter, and should be applied in the morning when the weather is good.

2. Inorganic fertilizer should be combined with pure biological fertilizer (no nitrogen, no phosphorus, no potassium). Long term use of chemical fertilizer will gradually consume the organic matter in the soil, resulting in the reduction of the number of beneficial microorganisms in the soil, the decrease of enzyme content, and the destruction of colloid, resulting in soil compaction, acidification and salinization. NPK fertilizer and organic biological fertilizer can improve soil, make sand reunite, loosen clay, inhibit pathogenic bacteria, restore soil micro ecological environment, improve soil permeability, improve water retention and fertilizer capacity. The pan granulator is used in chemical fertilizer plants to process organic and inorganic fertilizers to improve fertilizer efficiency.

3. Fertilizer should be suitable. For leafy vegetables and other vegetables, due to the fast growth, high nitrogen demand and low phosphorus demand, the compound fertilizer with high nitrogen content and low phosphorus content should be selected; for fruit melon, the potassium demand is more, the phosphorus demand is less, the compound fertilizer with high potassium and low phosphorus can be selected; For the next vegetable seedling, due to the large demand of phosphorus at seedling stage, the compound fertilizer with higher phosphorus content can be used as basic fertilizer, and the compound fertilizer with higher phosphorus content can be applied after planting slow seedlings.

The manufacturer of fertilizer granulation machine suggested that the fertilizer should be applied scientifically. According to the above principles, organic fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer should be used together to increase agricultural income.

How to use organic fertilizer effectively

Organic fertilizer can regulate the soil, fertilize the soil and improve the quality of crops. Fertilizers are targeted, and if the soil lacks any elements, special fertilizers will be applied and the results will be quick.

However, long-term use of chemical fertilizer will cause environmental pollution. The nitrate content in groundwater increased rapidly and the water body was eutrophicated. In addition, the excessive use of chemical fertilizer in farmland not only increases the input cost, but also leads to the crazy growth of crops. The nutrient supply of fertilizer to crop straw is not conducive to crop growth.

Compost Made from Organic Waste
Compost Made from Organic Waste

A large amount of chemical fertilizer will lead to soil compaction and the death of a large number of soil microorganisms.

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Organic fertilizer

The mixed application of organic fertilizer and chemical fertilizer is conducive to give full play to the role of organic fertilizer, maximize crop yield and quality, and improve economic benefits. The mixed application of organic fertilizer and chemical fertilizer has the following advantages.

1. Improve the efficiency of soil and fertilizer. When organic fertilizer is mixed with chemical fertilizer, it can absorb organic fertilizer, reduce loss and improve overall fertilizer efficiency.

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2. The mixed application of organic fertilizer and chemical fertilizer can reduce the side effects of chemical fertilizer, increase the buffer capacity of soil and prevent acidification. Calcium superphosphate in chemical fertilizer contains too much free acid, which will affect seed germination and seedling production. After adding organic fertilizer, the free acid can be neutralized and the harm to seeds can be reduced.

3. Mixed organic fertilizer can increase crop nutrition. Organic fertilizer has comprehensive nutrients, long-term fertilizer efficiency and multiple organic matter, which can improve soil organic matter content and physical and chemical properties.

4. Adding chemical nitrogen fertilizer to organic fertilizer can avoid the effect of early nitrogen deficiency on crop growth.