Processing sulfur coated urea in 15 t / h NPK fertilizer production line
Sulfur coated urea is a kind of coated slow release nitrogen fertilizer. In the process of NPK fertilizer production line, spherical urea is coated with a layer of molten sulfur to improve the physical properties of urea.
Sulfur coated urea is increasing in agricultural applications. With the increase of high concentration fertilizer application rate, the application amount of sulfur-containing super phosphate was relatively reduced, and the crop yield increased. The amount of desulfurization in soil increases, and the area of sulfur deficient land is expanding at home and abroad.
Therefore, the application of sulfur coated urea can not only improve the utilization rate of nitrogen, but also supplement the sulfur in soil.
Sulfur urea fertilizer production line equipment
Zhengzhou SX Heavy Industry Technology Co., Ltd. produces various NPK fertilizer production lines, organic fertilizer production lines and fertilizer granulation production lines. As shown in the figure, our plant specially designed a 15 t / h sulfur coated urea fertilizer production line. Sulfur urea production line equipment: 1 loader feeding hopper, 3 large angle belt conveyors, 1 rotary drum heater, 1 coating machine, 2 rotary drum powder machines and 1 fertilizer packaging machine for npk.
Processing technology of sulfur coated urea in NPK fertilizer production line
Urea particles are heated by a heater and then coated with a sulfur-containing outer film. After urea coating, it is sent to powder machine by large angle belt conveyor. The powder machine sprays particles to seal the cracks of the coating and reduce the biodegradation of the sulfur coating. Two series of machines are used to ensure the quality of fertilizer. The coating of NPK fertilizer production line on the outer layer of urea ensures the slow release of fertilizer efficiency.
The outer envelope provides a physical barrier for urea, so that urea is slowly permeated by water and decomposed by microorganism. In the soil environment, urea gradually diffuses through the envelope, and releases nutrients slowly through the envelope cracks and the structure formed naturally on the envelope surface.
Coated fertilizer is a kind of NPK compound fertilizer widely used in agricultural production. It is popular with farmers for its low cost and high fertilizer efficiency. When NPK chemical fertilizer production line produces compound fertilizer, the treatment of coating machine is increased, which greatly improves the influence of fertilizer on crops.
The controlled release time of coating controlled release fertilizer is long, and the fertilization effect can be as long as 2 months to 1 year. NPK coated fertilizer can promote root growth, make crops mature early, solve the problem of crop fertilizer shortage caused by severe drought, and create favorable conditions for high yield of various crops.
NPK coated fertilizers can be used in the production of many crops. The output of rice, wheat, peanuts, corn, cotton, tobacco, vegetables, fruit trees, flowers, lawns and other crops increased significantly.
How to process NPK fertilizer production line
In the process of coating fertilizer, NPK fertilizer production line uses various nutrients, such as blood acid as coating layer, and the fertilizer is coated by coating machine. The coating can greatly reduce the loss of fertilizer and soil fixation, and greatly improve the utilization rate of fertilizer. The proportion of NPK and its trace elements in coated fertilizer processed by NPK fertilizer production line is determined according to crop demand and different soil conditions.
When we use NPK fertilizer production line to process coated fertilizer, we can produce special or general coated compound fertilizer for crops. This special NPK compound fertilizer has high fertilizer efficiency.
The application amount should be reduced according to the specific situation of crops and soil. The time interval of fertilization should be determined according to the length of controlled release cycle.
Therefore, when farmers use coated compound fertilizer, the production cost will be reduced.
Coating fertilizer for NPK fertilizer production line
What are the phases of maturation and development in natural manure creation line?
1. In the beginning phase of stacking: when the temperature of the reactor ascends to around 50 ℃, it is called warming stage. The reactor temperature scope of 25 ~ 40 ℃ is reasonable for some moderate temperature microbial exercises.
2. High temperature stage: following 2 ~ 3 days, the reactor temperature ascends to 50 ~ 60 ℃, which is called high temperature stage. As of now, countless thermophilic microorganisms supplanted the first mesophilic microorganisms, and humification measure was done simultaneously.
How to pass judgment on the fruition of aging in natural manure creation line?
3. Cooling stage: the reactor temperature continuously dips under 50 ℃, which is called cooling stage. As of now, the species and amount of microorganisms in the reactor are more than those in the high temperature stage. In this stage, the decomposable natural material grid in the reactor diminishes pointedly, and humification is predominant.
4. The gathering of humus in the fertilizer expanded essentially. The stacking materials ought to be compacted and covered with soil, so the anaerobic cellulose disintegrating microscopic organisms can likewise overwhelmingly decay cellulose, and gradually complete the later development.
In the process of cocoa bean processing, there are a lot of wastes, such as bean shell, seed coat, seed embryo and so on. These wastes are treated and have certain use value. Cocoa waste is mainly bean shell, which contains more protein and fiber, and can be used as feed or organic fertilizer.
Bode shell is rich in nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Because the cocoa tree needs more potassium and the content of potassium carbonate in the bean shell is high, the bean shell is very suitable for the production of organic fertilizer raw materials.
Cocoa seed coating is also suitable for use as organic fertilizer. Fertilizer made from seed coating can reduce the viscosity of the soil and play the role of humus and humus. Seed coat is not easy to decompose. In the fermentation of organic fertilizer, seed coating needs to be pretreated, crushed into small pieces, and then composted for fermentation.
The production of organic fertilizer from cocoa waste can be divided into two stages: composting fermentation and organic fertilizer production equipment processing.
Fermentation composting of cocoa waste
The weight of bean shell accounts for a large part of the weight of cocoa fruit itself. After the cocoa beans are removed, the shells are usually discarded in situ. Pod shells are of great value. Therefore, the proximity principle should be adopted in the selection of organic fertilizer production site to facilitate the fermentation of raw materials.
Cocoa processing waste (bean shell, seed coat) is put into fermentation tank, and animal manure such as chicken manure, pig manure and cow manure are all added with regulating raw materials. After high temperature fermentation, harmful bacteria are killed.
Processing cocoa compost with organic fertilizer production equipment
Fermentation compost is produced into fertilizer products by the industrial processing of organic fertilizer production equipment. The basic fertilizer equipment for cocoa composting processing includes fertilizer crusher, mixer, organic fertilizer granulator, rotary dryer, rotary cooler and packaging machine. Different fertilizer products can be produced by different processing technologies.
In the process of organic fertilizer manufacturing, fermentation products are often not handed in, which is usually caused by the viscosity of the object in the fermentation reactor. The trough turning machine used in organic fertilizer fermentation usually processes organic wastes such as sludge waste, slag cake, straw sawdust, livestock manure and sugar mill sludge.
Due to the different consistency of materials and different moisture content of materials, it is easy to see the difficulty of turntable treatment.
How to solve the problem of turning over materials of composting truck
The start-up temperature of the stacker should be better than 15 ° C (it can be operated all year round, not affected by seasons, ferment indoors or in Greenhouse in winter), and the fermentation temperature should be controlled below 70-75 ° C.
Turning machine for tank composting
1 kg starter can ferment about 10 tons of sludge and cow dung. According to the weight ratio, add about 30-50% cow dung, or straw powder, mushroom residue, peanut shell powder, or rice husk, sawdust and other organic materials to regulate ventilation.
If rice husk and sawdust were added, the fermentation time should be prolonged due to the high content of cellulose lignin.
Strain dilution: mixing and diluting 5-10 kg rice bran (or wheat bran, corn flour and other substitutes) per kilogram of appetizer, and then evenly sprinkle them into the material pile, the use effect will be better.
The moisture content of fermentation materials should be controlled between 60-65%. Moisture judgment: hold a piece of material tightly, the watermark of finger joint does not drop, and the ground is scattered properly. Fermentation with less water is slow, but fermentation with more
Construct fermentation reactor while spraying bacteria. The height and volume of the reactor should not be too short or too small. The fermentation reactor should be 1-1.3 meters high and 2-3 meters wide, with unlimited length.
The above is a brief description of the use of compost transfer machine in the fermentation process of organic fertilizer manufacturing process. We are a chemical fertilizer manufacturer, providing all kinds of composting turntable equipment.
The content of soil organic matter is closely related to soil fertility. Although organic matter only accounts for a small part of the total soil, it plays an important role in maintaining soil fertility. The manufacturer of organic fertilizer production equipment introduced six functions of organic matter to maintain soil fertility.
1. Provide nutrition for plants
Soil organic matter contains a large number of plant nutrient elements, such as N, P, K, CA, Mg, Sn, Fe and other important elements, as well as some trace elements. Soil organic matter releases a large amount of nutrients through the mineralization process to provide nutrients for plant growth; humus synthesizes humus and preserves nutrients; humus releases nutrients again through mineralization process, so as to ensure the nutritional requirements of the whole plant growth process.
2. Promote plants to absorb other nutrients
In the process of decomposition and transformation of soil organic matter, the organic acid and thermal acid produced by the decomposition and transformation of soil organic matter have a certain solubility to the mineral part of the soil, which can promote the mineral differentiation and is conducive to the availability of some nutrients. Some metal ions combined with organic acids can be retained in soil solution without causing precipitation and affecting its availability.
3. Promote plant growth and development
Soil organic matter, especially polyphenol functional group, can enhance the plant respiration process, improve the permeability of cell membrane, promote the rapid introduction of nutrients into plants, and promote the growth of plant roots. Soil organic matter also contains vitamin B1, B2, propionic acid, nicotinic acid, hormones, IAA (+) – Non-Ethylene diacetate), antibiotics (streptomycin, penicillin), etc., which can promote plant growth and enhance disease resistance.
4. Improve soil physical properties
Organic matter has many functions in improving soil physical properties. The most important and direct function of improving soil structure is to improve soil structure, promote the formation of aggregate structure, increase soil looseness, and improve soil air and water permeability. Humus is the main cement of soil aggregate. Hu mu in the soil rarely exists in free state. Most humus and mineral soil particles combine with each other. Through the mechanism of functional group and hydrogen bond, the organic-inorganic complex is formed by wrapping the surface of mineral soil particles in the form of adhesive film. The distribution of agglomerates is reasonable, the stability of large, small holes and water is strong, and the structure is good. In arid areas, organic matter can reduce the expansion and contraction of soil by increasing soil viscosity, and prevent the emergence of large cracks when the soil is dry.
5. Provide energy for soil organisms
Without soil microbes, there would be no biochemical processes in the soil. The number, quantity and activity of soil microorganisms increased with the increase of organic matter content, and had a significant positive correlation. The mineralization rate of soil organic matter is low, and it will not stimulate microorganisms such as fresh plant residues rapidly, but provide energy for microorganisms continuously and stably. Therefore, the soil rich in organic matter has stable and long-term fertility, which is not easy to cause excessive plant growth and fertilization.
6. Activate phosphorus, potassium and other nutrients
Generally speaking, phosphorus in soil pool does not exist in the state of rapid action, but in the state of slow action and slow action, so the availability of phosphorus in soil is low; soil organic matter has the characteristics of reaction with insoluble phosphorus, which can improve the solubility of phosphorus, improve the availability of phosphorus in soil and the utilization rate of phosphorus fertilizer.
Organic matter plays an important role in soil. Organic matter is processed into balls by organic fertilizer granulator, which is widely used in farmland to maintain soil fertility. There has been a great increase in crop yield.
Dried Chicken Manure Has Commercial Value Although It Greatly Lessens the Nuisance That Wet Litter Can Cause
Poultry farmers are usually beset with all the problem of poultry litter that can be quite a nuisance. It releases a high level of ammonia that triggers the environments in the hen houses being poor, and bring about distress on the list of birds, the workers in the home and even to neighbors. Ammonia gases harm the environment and fall foul of laws that require their release to get minimized. Additionally, wet poultry litter also attracts flies and this is often a big nuisance to farmworkers and others within the vicinity.
All of these problems ensure it is important to look at ways to reduce these difficulties and to figure out ways to dry the poultry litter so that it is simple to dispose of, and in addition give it a great deal of commercial value. It is actually easy to install these drying systems in the poultry house itself, but these can certainly produce a large amount of dust and may have limited capacity as space inside hen houses has limitations, which is better useful for the poultry that is certainly a part of money-producing business.
It is usually far better dry the manure beyond the poultry. The chicken manure created in your house should be cleared regularly each day so that dust and ammonia in it is kept at reasonable levels. Poultry manure may be dried all through the year in dryers and then transformed into a form of organic fertilizer which includes an assured market in garden supply centers and provides an excellent fertilizer that may be organic and has no chemicals. The countless process dryer systems that could be safely installed in areas alongside poultry houses is not going to only dry the manure minimizing all of its polluting problems but may also pelletize them to make sure they are convenient for just about any further use.
Most equipment useful for drying and pelletizing chicken manure essentially uses perforated plates which are often made from galvanized and powder-coated steel. Perforation portion of these plates helps keep 35 percent in their surfaces open to ensure the drying process created by blowing air is faster. The plates will be in constant motion when they move throughout the current of forced air, and some machines tilt the plates allowing dried manure to fall off on the plates below that are in constant motion and additional the drying process.
Air that may be blown into these dryers are at high-pressure and allows the manure to be dried to 80-85% within 72 hours. This can vary dependant upon the ambient humidity. The drying process also reduces the production of any fine dust to your large extent. Capacities of drying plants should be to ensure that they must be able to dry all of the manure that the layers inside a house can cause within 3 or 4 days and get extra capacities built in.
These systems will not require a lot of energy. The drying of your chicken manure greatly reduces odor, ammonia and also the problems of flies, while producing products that can be easily available in bags and containers as fertilizers for crops.
In the majority of rural areas, cow dung or simply just cattle manure can be used widely in gardens. However, in comparison to others, cow manure isn’t actually loaded with nitrogen, nevertheless it comes with an extremely higher level of ammonia which can damage plants and burn them. Plants could be burned when cow manure is used directly to them. Our article goes into more details on how to make fertilizer from cow manure.
A effective and safe approach to use cow manure on plants is to compost it and you’ll essentially reap benefits in that way. Cow manure is literally comprised of nutrients and organic materials. However, they generally do contain just around 3% nitrogen, 2% phosphorous and of course the famous 1% potassium. So that as we’ve said before, it can actually contain quite a top level of ammonia as well as a group of dangerous pathogens.
Because of the above reasons, cow manure ought to be composted or aged to ensure that it can be safe for usage as being a fertilizer. When properly composted, you’ll have the ability to make use of cow manure without worrying about weed seeds, pathogens and ammonia. And you’ll be able to easily add the compost to your soil and reap the organic benefits that come with it. However, due to the moisture holding capabilities, you’ll also be able to water your plants significantly less.
Once you water your plants less, the fresh roots can readily use nutrients and water every time they should need them. And you’ll additionally be enhancing the aeration to your plants since heavily compacted soil will probably be easily separated. Composted manure also includes the beneficial bacteria that is required for converting your nutrients into an readily available form for the plants plus they prevent burning.
In relation to the composting process, you’ll have to firstly select a location that may be suitable for developing a pile that may be roughly a 4-foot square. It’s also good to bear in mind that you’ll also have to turn the pile so ensure you have sufficient room. Next you’ll need to spread about 3 inches of dry organic material layer onto the square area. Then you’ll spread roughly 2 inches of cow manure.
You’re gonna should continue layering until your pile is around 4 feet in height. Then you’ll must water your pile to make sure that it is actually completely damp even at the bottom. After you’ve dampened your pile, you’ll should give a layer of soil. About every three days or so, you’re likely to have to turn your compost pile as a way to allow the flow of air involved with it.
You’ll also need to ensure that your pile stays moist. And you’ll have to periodically examine the temperature when you turn it to help keep the temperature at its optimum level. After the composting process is completed, you’ll see that it must be dark brown, having an earth smell in fact it is quite crumbly.
While we conclude we have now just considered the best way to compost cow manure to make it into fertilizer. So we have likewise discussed the numerous benefits associated with cow manure fertilizer. So, understand that you can’t apply fresh cow manure until you’ve composted it!
Everywhere you can find cows, you can be certain of just one thing, there will also always cow manure. As beef and dairy farming intensified, industrialized and specialized, the need to find urgent solutions for cow dung environmental pollution problems became real. Because of this, many machines were inverted to turn cow dung into powder fertilizer.
Let’s take into account the fact than an average beef cattle unit produces around 10.5 a great deal of manure annually, plus an average dairy cow unit produces over 15.4 a great deal of manure annually. To get things into perspective, a city with 410,000 residents produces less waste when compared to a single dairy farm comprising 2,500 animals. Cow dung pollution is a huge global problem. In certain countries, pollution from cattle manure exceeds industrial pollution. Many individuals wrongly feel that animal waste is “natural” so it’s not dangerous, but that is certainly far from the truth.
Fortunately, cow dung can be changed into a great organic fertilizer powder. It includes each of the nutrients plants need to thrive and it’s rich in organic matter. The NPK profile of cow dung is 1% potassium, 4% nitrogen, and two% phosphorous. Other constitutes of cow dung besides micronutrients and organic matter are various enzymes and microorganisms. To be able to convert cow dung into fertilizer, specialized machines are often needed. The fertilizer produced can vastly improve soil structure and fertility. What’s more, the fertilizer can promote healthy microbial growth which will help prevent common root diseases and rot.
Cow manure is a good organic fertilizer, however if you put fresh cow dung onto the soil, the vast amounts of ammonia produced could cause a horrible odor and burn crops. Furthermore, unprocessed cow dung may be loaded with salt, based on the diet the cattle were fed, which happens to be not perfect for crop growth. To produce a nutritious fertilizer, cow dung needs to be composed. Natural fermentation of cow dung can take a long time, but fortunately, now there is a variety of modern composting machinery in the market designed to accelerate the procedure.
Cow dung must be fully fermented before it is used on agricultural soil. Otherwise, it is going to cause soil temperatures to increase, that may damage crop root systems. Furthermore, fresh cow dung is full of parasitic organisms and pathogens, which may be damaging towards the surrounding environment and water supplies.
To turn cow manure into a safe organic NPK powder fertilizer, it should be fully decomposed. The easiest method to compost cattle waste is to buy the best cow dung fertilizer machines, like self-propelled compost turners, hydraulic windrow turners, and dewatering machines.
High-grade NPK compound fertilizer is in high demand which is relatively cheap to create. By producing powder fertilizer from cow dung, you can help to handle the mounting global environmental pollution problems associated with mounting animal waste. What’s more, with all the right equipment, powder fertilizer might be processed further into granules or pellets. Granules are simpler to store and transport. Look into the latest granulation machines to perform your cow dung fertilizer production line.
With regards to increasing your overall manure management, there has been a series of new and improved technologies which are now being employed throughout the industry. In simple terms, these specialised tech solutions are now serving in order to even successfully reduce the pollution that is certainly created in water ways due to misused manure. However, to be able to properly implement these techniques, a series of management issues needs to be firstly applied. Our article enters into some important points for managing and selling manure.
Only if manure is effectively managed then the benefits of its use can be captured. This simply just implies that it is going to finally be easier to include it with farming systems while making sure the water pollution remains reduced or rather controlled. When biological decomposition occurs, some by-items are produced and as a result of techniques that manure is treated or perhaps stored, the by-products may also be controlled. This allows the farmer to produce a highly marketable product, in addition to manage the nutrients in the manure along with any odors.
Since microorganisms make the potentially profitable waste elements, it really is necessary to provide you with the perfect environment to allow them to thrive. So, if you carefully handle, treat or store your manure inside a desired environment, this encourages the microorganisms to make by-products which are good for you. Additionally, farmers may use biological manipulation to generate the perfect by-product based on their market.
If manure is mixed with a material that may be abundant in carbon as well as enough air, the manure may be easily converted into compost within a case where all the air has become eliminated and heat is added, you’ll have the ability to create biogas, in addition to a stable effluent. However, biologically manipulating your manure is a reasonably challenge with regards to the environment and frequently the type of animal plus the feed that they are fed along with a management system all play a huge role within the microbial activities that occur. Additionally, these activities are greatly affected by the solids content.
People that have a higher solids content are fantastic for undergoing aerobic activity. And if you’re employed to adding bedding along with water and even waste feed, this will likely also affect the microbial activity. Based on the pH values associated, this may also affect those who be involved in creating methane. And as we’ve said before, the meals intake also plays a crucial role in management since higher protein diets build a pretty intense odor.
When it comes to selling, probably the most recommended techniques for selling is usually to simply fill sizable bags and then sell to farmers. You’ll simply must collect the poop when it is fresh and add them to a trusty container for your manure to form. And so they even produce a pretty decent profit dependant upon the animal the manure has come from. However, in order to use the markets by storm, you’ll also have to put a little effort into how you will advertise your product don’t forget to get creative.
Since we conclude we have now just discussed many ways for managing your manure. And that we have likewise given some guidelines on how to produce a profit yourself. Remember, you ought to never apply fresh manure to fruits or vegetables that are eaten raw given that you can generate an E. coli outbreak!
Fertilizer, regardless of whether new, old, or manure being composted, is frequently pronounced to be a key part of maintainable farming. In innumerable preliminaries, analysts have discovered different advantages of fertilizer application , thus excrement use is advanced as an answer in dialogs of supportable horticulture subjects including: soil richness, soil wellbeing, natural cultivating, regenerative cultivating, carbon sequestration, and inexhaustible assets.
In any case, I have questions. Not about the genuine spreading of fertilizer, or figuring application rates, yet about excrement’s job in continuing farming. Is excrement a manageable wellspring of supplements? Is compost an economical natural soil change, ready to manufacture soil natural issue, store carbon in the dirt, thus help with decreasing ozone harming substances? When is excrement application a reasonable practice? Before application, you can use composting to deal with animal manure, so as to improve utilization value.
In my next couple of posts, I will respond to these inquiries with the expectation of discovering excrement’s actual job in supporting farming. To begin with, we should take a gander at the supplement providing capability of compost. Everything begins with making sense of where fertilizer originates from.
Where does fertilizer originate from?
Manure from cows, sheep, swine and poultry, isn’t that so? Well indeed, however domesticated animals are not the wellspring of the materials in fertilizer. Those materials originate from “essential makers” as researchers consider those creatures that produce “biomass” from inorganic mixes. Biomass is the stuff that living beings are made of. Our biomass is fragile living creature and bones and blood, however we, similar to animals, are not essential makers. We and they set up together our biomass from different biomass, our sustenance. Also, we both get our sustenance from plants. Plants are essential makers since they don’t live on the biomass of different life forms. They get vitality from daylight and from it produce biomass.
Here’s the procedure. Daylight falls on plants, which change light vitality into profitable feed, which ranchers collect and transport to domesticated animals who eat it and produce fertilizer. Fertilizer, at that point, originates from plants, explicitly from harvests developed on fields. In spite of the fact that the feed (crop biomass) is changed as it experiences animals – microbes and different living beings are included, some sloughing of domesticated animals tissue happens – everything in fertilizer is gotten from the feed. This is significant in light of the fact that it implies that excrement generation is attached legitimately to trim creation.
What amount of excrement would we be able to deliver?
To ascertain the compost created per section of land, we have to know one thing about this procedure. What are the misfortunes? Between the harvest in field and compost on the ground, the greatest misfortune is to the animals themselves. Some misfortune goes to delivering steaks, chicken bosoms, or sausage, the rest to giving the fundamental vitality needs of living creatures. There are likewise misfortunes at gather, in vehicle, and misfortunes in recuperating the compost (accumulation and transport).
Here are the misfortunes from field to domesticated animals and back to handle (percent of starting dry solids lost):
57-81% among feed and new, discharged fertilizer
4-8% lost in gathering and transport (10-40% of discharged fertilizer, NRCS 1995)
It isn’t simply natural issue that is lost, supplements are likewise lost, however we’ll get to that.
From a harvest in a field to the excrement being connected to a field, the all out loss of dry issue is 61-89%, alongside the related supplements. Presently we can begin with a feed harvest yield, apply the misfortunes above, and discover the measure of excrement created per section of land.
In a feedlot,chicken or swine farm, or in a kept dairy, domesticated animals apportions are blends of grains, vegetables (for the most part soybeans), and rummage (feed and silage). They all end up as excrement, and that compost is connected some place, so we can rearrange this by taking a gander at only one yield. Corn (and corn silage, see most ideal situation underneath) is a decent one since it is developed in numerous pieces of the nation, primarily for feed, and makes up an enormous piece of numerous animals proportions.
Here are the subsequent numbers:
Low situation: 1.6 tons compost per section of land
The low situation utilizes the normal US corn yield of 174 bu./air conditioning, sustained to meat for completing, with 70% misfortune to domesticated animals, a 15% misfortune in excrement recuperation, and fertilizer at 33% dampness.
High situation: 5.7 tons excrement per section of land
The high situation utilizes 30 ton/air conditioning corn silage yield at 65% dampness, bolstered to creating dairy cows, with a 57% misfortune to domesticated animals, a 20% misfortune in excrement recuperation, and compost at 33% dampness.